civet


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to civet: civet cat

civet

(sĭv`ət) or

civet cat,

any of a large group of mostly nocturnal mammals of the Old World family Viverridae (civet family), which also includes the mongoosemongoose,
name for a large number of small, carnivorous, terrestrial Old World mammals of the civet family. They are found in S Asia and in Africa, with one species extending into S Spain.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Civets are not true cats, but the civet family is related to the cat family (Felidae). Most civets have catlike bodies, long tails, and weasellike faces. Their fur may be gray or brown, and may be marked in various patterns. All civets have scent-producing glands, located in a double pouch near the genitals. The fatty yellow secretion of these glands has a distinctive musky odor used for territorial marking. Commercially, this substance is known as civet and is used as a perfume fixative. Civet can be removed from captive animals every 14 to 20 days. Some civet species are hunted for their fur. The ground-living, or true, civets form a distinctive group within the family; these animals have a highly carnivorous diet. Most have dark spots and ringed tails. They include several Asian species (genus Viverra) and one African species (Civettictis civetta). Best known is the Indian civet, V. zibetha, of S Asia, from which most of the civet for perfume is derived. It has tawny fur with black spots and black bands on the tail. It is about 30 in. (76 cm) long, excluding the 20-in. (42-cm) tail, and about 15 in. (38 cm) high at the shoulder; it weighs up to 25 lb (11 kg). Its musk glands are greatly enlarged. Some of the ground-living civets are called linsangs and genets. The palm civets form another distinct group within the civet family. These are arboreal, largely fruit-eating animals of Africa and Asia; they are classified in several genera. The North American spotted skunk is sometimes popularly called civet but is not closely related to civets. Civets are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Viverridae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Civet

 

(Viverra), a genus of carnivorous mammals of the family Viverridae. Body length, 60-85 cm; tail length, 31-48 cm. The civets have glands which secrete a substance called civet.

There are three species: the Indian civet (V. zibetha), V. megaspila, and V. tangalunga. Civets are found in Southeast Asia. The Indian civet is encountered in Nepal, South China, and Assam as far as the Malay Peninsula. Civets live in the forests and dense brush, rarely climbing trees. They are nocturnal animals and often live close to settlements. Civets feed on small animals (birds and rodents), insects, and sometimes fruits and nuts. Civets breed once a year and sometimes twice; there are two to five kittens per litter. Civets are hunted for their musk and sometimes are bred in captivity. The name civet has also been applied to the representatives of certain other genera of the Viverridae family such as Vi~ verricula and Civettictis.

I. I. SOKOLO

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

civet

[′siv·ət]
(physiology)
A fatty substance secreted by the civet gland; used as a fixative in perfumes.
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of 18 species of catlike, nocturnal carnivores assigned to the family Viverridae, having a long head, pointed muzzle, and short limbs with nonretractile claws.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

civet

1. any catlike viverrine mammal of the genus Viverra and related genera, of Africa and S Asia, typically having blotched or spotted fur and secreting a powerfully smelling fluid from anal glands
2. the yellowish fatty secretion of such an animal, used as a fixative in the manufacture of perfumes
3. the fur of such an animal
4. short for palm civet
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, records of the Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), Mountain Weasel (Mustela altaica), Hyaena (Hyaena hyaena) and Common Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) from Chandragiri, Shey Phoksundo National Park, Dang and Rara National Park, respectively, were new to our national distribution records.
The Asian Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) also called a toddy cat, is a small member of the family Viverridae native to South and Southeast Asia.
True to history, collecting the droppings left behind by the Asian Palm Civet, a small reddish-colored mammal that looks like a mix between a fox and a cat, go all the way back to the beginning of coffee cultivation in Indonesia over 300 years ago.
In general, the attractions agro tourism of civet coffee which is offered begins to walk around the plants area while introducing different types of plants (cultivation and harvesting), post-harvest some crops, tester some products, and shopping.
ICONS Coffee Couture in Souk Al Bahar is offering kopi luwak, a rare coffee bean produced using droppings from the Asian civet cat.
Animal rights group People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is calling for a boycott of one of Asia's most popular and pricey commodity --Kopi Luwak, or civet coffee--saying that animal abuse was part and parcel of the production of the coffee beans.
While kopi luwak is often advertised as "wild-sourced," farmers told the investigator that it would be nearly impossible to produce exclusively wild-sourced civet coffee and that the industry knowingly mislabels coffee from captive animals.
At PS60 a cup, civet coffee is made from collecting the droppings of the wild civet who eat and partially digest the coffee beans.
Smaller carnivores include red panda, red fox, yellow-throated marten, Eurasian otter, Oriental small-clawed otter, spotted linsang, binturong, common palm civet, small Indian civet, large Indian civet, masked palm civet, marbled cat, fishing cat, Asiatic golden cat, and two species of mongoose.
Take coffee for example, the world's most expensive and rarest coffee earns this top spot because its beans have passed through the digestive tract of a small wild animal, the civet, before being ground into a caffeinated beverage.It was in Bali recently where I had my first taste of this most unique and expensive coffee.
ADJECTIVE ANIMAL cervine civet cat colubrine deer hircine goat larine gull lutrine otter musteline seal ovine sheep phocine snake sciurine squirrel viverrine weasel Edited by DAVID L.
Bats also harbor other deadly viruses, like Ebola and SARS, which usually infect other animals including monkeys and civet cats before jumping to humans.