civil engineering


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civil engineering:

see engineeringengineering,
profession devoted to designing, constructing, and operating the structures, machines, and other devices of industry and everyday life. Types of Engineering

The primary types of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical.
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Civil engineering

A branch of engineering that encompasses the conception, design, construction, and management of residential and commercial buildings and structures, water supply facilities, and transportation systems for goods and people, as well as control of the environment for the maintenance and improvement of the quality of life. Civil engineers include planning and design professionals in both the public and private sectors, contractors, builders, educators, and researchers.

civil engineering

[′siv·əl en·jə′nir·iŋ]
(engineering)
The planning, design, construction, and maintenance of fixed structures and ground facilities for industry, transportation, use and control of water, or occupancy.

Civil engineering

A branch of engineering that encompasses the conception, design, construction, and management of residential and commercial buildings and structures, water supply facilities, and transportation systems for goods and people, as well as control of the environment for the maintenance and improvement of the quality of life. Civil engineering includes planning and design professionals in both the public and private sectors, contractors, builders, educators, and researchers.

The civil engineer holds the safety, health, and welfare of the public paramount. Civil engineering projects and systems should conform to governmental regulations and statutes; should be built economically to function properly with a minimum of maintenance and repair while withstanding anticipated usage and weather; and should conserve energy and allow hazard-free construction while providing healthful, safe, and environmentally sound utilization by society.

Civil engineers play a major role in developing workable solutions to construct, renovate, repair, maintain, and upgrade infrastructure. The infrastructure includes roads, mass transit, railroads, bridges, airports, storage buildings, terminals, communication and control towers, water supply and treatment systems, storm water control systems, wastewater collection, treatment and disposal systems, as well as living and working areas, recreational buildings, and ancillary structures for civil and civic needs. Without a well-maintained and functioning infrastructure, the urban area cannot stay healthy, grow, and prosper.

Because the desired objectives are so broad and encompass an orderly progression of interrelated components and information to arrive at the visually pleasing, environmentally satisfactory, and energy-frugal end point, civil engineering projects are actually systems requiring the skills and inputs of many diverse technical specialties, all of which are subsets of the overall civil engineering profession.

Some of the subsets that civil engineers can specialize in include photogrammetry, surveying, mapping, community and urban planning, and waste management and risk assessment. Various engineering areas that civil engineers can specialize in include geotechnical, construction, structural, environmental, water resources, and transportation engineering. See Civil engineering, Coastal engineering, Construction engineering, Engineering, Environmental engineering, Highway engineering, River engineering, Surveying, Transportation engineering

References in periodicals archive ?
He said the efforts to amend RA 544 was in consonance with RA 9266 or the New Architecture Act of 2004 which delineates architecture from civil engineering and other related professions.
We're encouraging volunteers to speak to the public about their civil engineering experiences, the projects they've worked on (or are working on) and how we help change people's lives.
In conclusion, Rayed Al Arashi said: "The 1 st Fib-UAE Women in Civil Engineering Forum is part of the engineering week initiative held by the Society of Engineers UAE for the first time this year to celebrate the engineering profession in the UAE.
One major difference between civil engineering and other professions is that civil engineering is very diverse, he states, with civil engineers becoming involved in a wide range of activities, such as:
He earned a BS in Civil Engineering as well as a BA in Biological Science from the University of Alaska Anchorage.
The award was presented by ICE president Prof David Balmforth and is reserved for senior civil engineers who have made a significant contribution to the civil engineering profession or have advanced the practice of engineering.
Ken Skates, deputy minister for skills and technology, who joined the pupils, said: "It was great for both them and me to get a real understanding of what's involved in civil engineering and to experience the important role that effective teamwork plays in any construction project.
Civil engineering technicians most often work in the private sector in architectural and engineering offices, or residential and commercial construction companies.
Civil engineering provides the expertise behind our transportation systems and the built structures where we work, study, and play.
in civil engineering from Mississippi State University, and holds the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Mississippi Air National Guard.
**But civil engineering racks up prices** The construction sector recorded its steepest fall on record in the second quarter, with the production index dropping by 25.9% over the same period of 2011, having declined by 17.9% in the first quarter.

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