Cladocera

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Related to cladoceran: water fleas

Cladocera

[kla′däs·ə·rə]
(invertebrate zoology)
An order of small, fresh-water branchiopod crustaceans, commonly known as water fleas, characterized by a transparent bivalve shell.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cladocera

 

a suborder of branchiopod crustaceans. They have a pair of large second antennae, which consist of two branches and serve as organs of motion. The torso is covered with bivalve chitinous shells. An alternation of sexual and asexual reproduction, parthenogenesis, is characteristic of the Cladocera. They are from 0.25 to 10 mm long. There are about 380 species. They are largely freshwater animals, living in various bodies of water, from small pools to large lakes. Very few live in the seas. Cladocera serve as food for many fish (smelt, vendace, bleaks, some types of white fish, and others). Certain Cladocera (daphnia) are used as artificially raised food for fish farms and aquariums. Cladocera are good indicators of water pollution, since the majority of Cladocera live in almost clean or slightly polluted reservoirs.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the quantitative zooplankton samples from the pelagial of Lake Peipsi, 57 species of cladocerans and 28 species of copepods were found, in which the characteristic species of oligo-mesotrophic and eutrophic waters co-dominated.
For experiments as well as for routine feeding of the larvae, we cultured separately three species of zooplankton (2 cladocerans and 1 branchiopod).
Among cladocerans, the Cerodaphnia cornuta, Daphnia and Alona were found more prominent in late winter and early spring at Chashma Lake.
Two cladocerans species were used in the present study: D.
Changes in the crustacean communities of Lakes Michigan, Huron, and Erie following the invasion of the predatory cladoceran, Bythotrephes longiminus.
Rotifers, cladocerans, and meroplankton (pelagic juveniles of demersal species) were identified to the lowest possible taxonomic level.
Abstract Larval snakehead Channa striatus were fed with three cladocerans (Ceriodaphnia cornuta, Moina micrura and Daphnia carinata) and Artemia nauplii at the rate (500 Ind./Fish-day) to record growth, survival and cannibalism.
Population growth capacities and regulatory factors in monospecific culture of the cladoceran Moina micrura and Diaphanasoma excisum and the copepod, Thermocyclops decipiens from cote d' Ivoire (West Africa).