claim(redirected from claimer)
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in Soviet civil law, a demand by a creditor that a debtor provide payment of a debt, compensation for losses incurred, or payment of a penalty or that the debtor eliminate defects in products delivered, an object sold, or work performed. In the case of socialist organizations, the dispute shall be turned over to an arbitration tribunal before a claim is submitted. Organizations and citizens that are clients of communications and transportation agencies cannot bring suit against these agencies without first presenting the claim to the transportation or communications agency in question. When there are defects in goods that have a stated guarantee period and are sold through retail trade organizations, claims are submitted within such periods, which begin from the Gay of sale.