class boundaries

class boundaries

the more or less clearly defined dividing lines held to exist between CLASSES within a society or particular types of society. Debates have existed particularly about the boundaries between classes in CAPITALIST SOCIETIES.Such debates have been especially important within Marxism, but also have a more general significance, both theoretically (e.g. in relation to assessments of CLASS INTERESTS and likely class action, see EMBOURGEOISEMENT, AFFLUENT WORKERS, CLASS IMAGERY, MULTIDIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION) or, more mundanely, in the construction of classificatory schemas in connection with analysis and accounts of SOCIAL STRATIFICATION and SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS.

Within Marxism and neo-Marxism, debates have centred not only on the location and the implications of the locations of class boundaries, but also on whether the assumption can be maintained that all individual or collective class positions can be ‘located uniquely within particular classes’, or whether there exist many class locations which in terms of main classes must be seen as CONTRADICTORY CLASS LOCATIONS. Theoretically and politically, a good deal hinges on decisions on the existence and location of class boundaries, e.g. the size, political role, and the centre of gravity and ‘leadership’ of the working class, or the role of INTERMEDIATE CLASSES OR INTERMEDIATE STRATA or the NEW MIDDLE CLASS. Theorists such as Eric Ohlin Wright (1985), for example, argued that groups such as the ‘middle class within capitalist societies’ are ‘constituted by locations which are simultaneously in the capitalist class and the working class’. The implications of this, however, may or may not be seen as indicating a loss of saliency for Marx's basic notions of class (see COLLECTIVE LABOUR, GLOBAL CAPITALIST).

References in periodicals archive ?
There are class boundaries, there are glass ceilings, but sport seems to be saying no to that at the moment and that is something we should support.
He smashed 16 top class boundaries and two out of the park sixes.
The mean age at diagnosis of Breast cancer was 45+-9.86 years (Ranged 26 to 65 years) with class boundaries shown in Table-I.
Using these theories to explore the middle-class woman's dual role as idle "angel in the house" and active manager of servants and of the middle-class family's demarcation of rigid class boundaries, Langland offers readings of Victorian novels which show how such texts often naturalize or obscure these powerful activities.
Hardly uniform, Pentecostal and charismatic Christianity transcends ethnic, racial, and class boundaries to constitute a "global culture," produced by its "experiential, idealistic, biblical, and oppositional" dimensions (p.
There are others who cross class boundaries, such as self-made businessmen, who must then face the ambiguous social class relationship in which they stand to their working-class employees.
It was as a student because it was cheap, easy to make and it cut across class boundaries.
The first minister said: "We have built an authentic genuinely Welsh, genuinely Labour party of Government in tune with our traditional values, but equally alive to the need to build a broad base, to work for the many beyond class boundaries - and to embrace reform and modernity."
Despite their comparatively late-in-life efforts, education was seen as suspicious, even borderline seditious along class boundaries. "To drop out of school was certainly no scandal," Eribon writes.
The war knew no class boundaries, with officers falling by their troops as they led their men in what today we would regard as foolhardy actions to gain just a few metres of ground.
Novak's essay recounts, middle-class African American women have a "duty" to help poorer African Americans become educated and economically self-sufficient in ways that diminish class boundaries (215).
Indeed, she contends, peasant arsonists who burned gentry homes in the revolutionary period were doing something new, violating earlier class boundaries, and breaking social strictures against attacking residential structures.