class formation


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class formation

the organized collectivities within a class structure and the processes by which these emerge.

The distinction between ‘class structure’ and ‘class formation’ can be seen as a basic, if often implicit, distinction in class analysis (Wright, 1985). If class structure can be seen as composed of those factors which establish the broad pattern of CLASS INTERESTS, class opportunities, life chances, etc. within a society, ‘class formation’ refers to the actual collectivities, class action, etc. which are generated on the basis of this structure. In classical Marxism, the relationship between class structure and class formation has sometimes been treated as relatively unproblematic. Neo-Marxist and Weberian approaches, on the other hand, have usually regarded the relationship as one requiring empirical exploration, although it is usually agreed the general conditions likely to be conducive to class formations can be identified, e.g. the conditions for the existence of CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS (see also CLASS CONFLICT, CLASS STRUGGLE).

References in periodicals archive ?
COSATU (the Congress of South African Trade Unions) played a key role in the transition from apartheid to formal political liberalism in South Africa, but now faces a "paradox of victory" wrought by their success, in that the transition to democracy has brought with it increasing market liberalization, organizational weakening through losing leadership cadres to politics, and processes of class formation that undermine solidarity.
At the same time, the neo-liberal project has had roaring-to-moderate success in the restoration of class power to ruling elites in many advanced capitalist countries such as the United States and, to a lesser degree, Britain, while fostering capitalist class formation in countries as diverse as China, India, and Russia.
The book thus adds vital insights to feminist discussions of the gendering of class formation and the impact of class politics on gender.
In this experiment, we used the linear series (LS) training structure to explore the effect of familiar pictorial stimuli on equivalence class formation.
He offers chapters that focus in turn on the Native American trade in furs and other natural products at the beginning of American capitalism, the material evidence of inequality and exploitive labor relations in colonial American society, the transformation of class formation processes in New York City between 1790 and 1850, evidence for the progressive encompassing of greater and greater aspects of material culture by "victorious capitalism" in communities across the United States in the 19th and 20th centuries, the material culture of anti-capitalist and utopian communities of resistance, anti-capitalism within African-American communities, and debates over the role of historical archaeology in investigating capitalism.
Obviously, most people lived in local communities like Colyton and so the variants on the larger themes bulk large in any account that gives primacy to lived experience in the world of work, class formation and gender relations--as opposed to neo-classical generalities and model-building
However, by utilizing a sophisticated approach to class and regionalism and by examining the gender and imperial aspects of events that led to the creation of a distinctly northern variant of rugby, Collins provides even those familiar with the general history of the split with a revised and considerably nuanced portrait of the creation of the NU and class formation in late Victorian and Edwardian England.
In most studies of equivalence class formation, training and testing were conducted on an individual basis and with small numbers of participants per study.
It was because of own class background that Foote (1847-1938) was able to play a role in both validating and questioning social hierarchies in the eastern and western US, argues Smith (humanities and communication, Colorado Mountain College, Glenwood Springs), but also because of the changing nature of publishing in particular, capitalism in general, transportation, and class formation in the late 19th-century.
The question is why, in the face of this, did class formation not occur at the bottom?
Although the larger narrative told here--a transition from class to consumer identity--is not controversial, Crane's specific arguments regarding fashion would benefit from investigating the important and difficult topic of the changing nature and meanings of class formation and consciousness in the twentieth century.
Honduras stands out as the least studied country in Central America, and Dario Euraque's book, the product of his dissertation research, serves as a welcome contribution to the literature on the political development of what some consider to be the archetypal "banana republic" Written with the 1980s Central American crisis as a backdrop, the author's focus is on class formation and political evolution between the advent of liberal reformism in the 1870s and military reformism in the 1970s.