Clipper

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Related to clipper ship: Tea clipper

clipper,

type of sailing ship, designed for speed. Long and narrow, the clipper had the greatest beam aft of the center; the bow cleaved the waves; and the ship carried, besides topgallant and royal sails, skysails and moonrakers—a veritable cloud of sails. The type originated in the United States. Baltimore clippers and Atlantic packet ships were the forerunners of the true Yankee clipper, which may be said to have emerged with the Ann McKim, completed in Baltimore in 1833. The Yankee clipper was brought to perfection by Donald McKay of Boston, who built such vessels as the Flying Cloud, the Glory of the Seas, and the Lightning. U.S. and British clippers came to be known as China clippers because they utilized their speed to carry on a flourishing China trade in tea and opium. Clippers sailed from the U.S. Atlantic coast around Cape Horn to California in the days of the gold rush. They steadily reduced the time for their long voyages and held famous races. The clipper came into being only after its finally successful rival, the steamship, was engaging in transoceanic voyages. In the early days the clipper easily outran the plodding steam vessel, but, ironically, the improved steamship began to forge ahead even as some of the fastest and most beautiful clippers were being built. When the Cutty Sark, one of the swiftest and most celebrated British clippers, was completed at Dunbarton, Scotland, in 1869, the era of the commercial sailing ship had nearly come to an end.

Clipper

 

a two-electrode hydrogen-filled ionic device with an indirectly heated oxide cathode.

Clippers have the properties of high-current pulse-mode operated devices and rectifiers. They are used primarily to remove excessive voltages and to protect against unwanted signals, and they participate in charging the accumulators of radar-transmitter pulse modulators. They are also used as valves in current rectifiers.

The electrodes of the clipper are made of copper. The electrodes, together with ceramic walls, constitute the casing of the device. If a positive voltage is applied to the anode, a current pulse passes from the cathode to the anode, thereby removing any overvoltage. The advantages of the clipper include its low dynamic resistance (fractions of an ohm), its high electric strength, its low pick-up time (nanoseconds), its high stability under pulse-current overloads, and its greater protection effectiveness in comparison to other devices designed for similar purposes.

A. A. POLIAKOVA

clipper

[′klip·ər]
(electronics)

clipper

1. any fast sailing ship
2. Electronics another word for limiter

Clipper

(hardware, cryptography)
An integrated circuit which implements the SkipJack algorithm. The Clipper is manufactured by the US government to encrypt telephone data. It has the added feature that it can be decrypted by the US government, which has tried to make the chip compulsory in the United States. Phil Zimmerman (inventor of PGP) remarked, "This doesn't even pass the sniff test" (i.e. it stinks).

http://wired.com/clipper/.

news:alt.privacy.clipper

Clipper

(2)
A compiled dBASE dialect from Nantucket Corp, LA. Versions: Winter 85, Spring 86, Autumn 86, Summer 87, 4.5 (Japanese Kanji), 5.0. It uses the Xbase programming language.

Clipper

(1) See CA-Clipper and CLIPPER chip.

(2) A family of 32-bit RISC microprocessors from Intergraph that were used in earlier graphics workstations.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rolls Royce Holdings Pic, renowned for its jet engines, is working on a wind-assisted powered clipper ship. RR's partner B9 shipping, Larne, Northern Ireland.
In my "History of American Transportation" class this spring at Emory University's Osher Institute--subtitled "From Clipper Ships to Rocket Ships"--all of the history of transportation can be summed up in five or six words: geology, westward, faster, money, and politics.
Her dam, the unraced Clipper Ship, had previously thrown a Larkhill Jo litter when 14 months old, from which, came Knockdown Lark, a finalist in Tralee's E5,500 Westerns Lift Stake over 570 yards, and Cunning Belle, winner of a 575m Romford maiden open.
At one point in our history the clipper ship dominated the commercial sea lanes between America and Great Britain.
Elizabeth Peabody pioneered the idea of kindergarten; Eleanor Creesy navigated a clipper ship; Vassar professor Maria Mitchell discovered a comet.
Those improbable angles only baited at what was to come, a stainless steel-clad Frank Gehry design that has been likened to origami, a clipper ship with billowing sails, or a blooming flower.
Monday Night Social: An evening get-together on the upper deck of the Moshulu, a four-masted clipper ship now anchored in the Delaware River.
There were, for example, the graceful and awe-inspiring ships themselves, so brilliantly portrayed by Anton Otto Fischer, whose 1932 vision of a clipper ship (right) might well have been inspired by further lines from the poet laureate:
The end had finally come to the lovely noble clipper ship that I still treasure in my memory.
His obviously keen curiosity whetted, Layton gradually pieced together a fascinating account of the history of the Frolic, a New England-owned but Baltimore built clipper ship that had been wrecked off the coast of that village in 1850 and which had been the source of that mysterious Chinese porcelain as well as the local folklore of Pomo women wearing Chinese silks in the 1850s.
Another one was a lighted NCEW commemorative glass prism replica from an 18th century clipper ship, donated by Tonuny Denton.
Here, notes Steele, 'is the continued inventive, technological thread that goes back to the transcontinental railroad and clipper ship and emerges in the aerospace, defence and movie industries which make up such a vital part of the state's economy'.