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In a graph, a complete subgraph of that graph.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a group of people striving to achieve by any available means base, selfish aims (for example, a court clique or fascist clique).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A maximal totally connected subgraph. Given a graph with nodes N, a clique C is a subset of N where every node in C is directly connected to every other node in C (i.e. C is totally connected), and C contains all such nodes (C is maximal). In other words, a clique contains all, and only, those nodes which are directly connected to all other nodes in the clique.

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References in periodicals archive ?
In time kinship loyalties loosen, the rulers urbanize and their state loses control over distant tribes, and the cycle begins again." If we follow Khaldun's philosophy, then logically, the tribal cliquish mindset of the leaders in an Islamic country which has been raised from the ashes of tribalism would tend to persist even in a state framework.
According to one manager, "We bring in professionals from Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, and India, and we find that this creates a work environment that is creative and less susceptible to group think; otherwise we find that work environments can become cliquish with only Chinese workers." Diversity can also help multinational organizations implement human resource policies that work on a global basis.
This ad hoc response marked a (small) step forward because it broke the cliquish nature of the investigation, even if only slightly.
Mean girls bully, betray others, are cliquish, and gossip.
"You never know if people are going to be cliquish when you join a cast like that but right from the start they wereso friendly and welcoming.
Cool as a lot of these social networks are, they can be extremely cliquish. Witness the prevailing Twitter discussions about whither journalism, often filled with more strut than substance, lacking both historical and international context and begging the question: If the Web is all about democratization, how come everybody in the debate sounds like a 19-year-old privileged male?
It is also a key characteristic of the cliquish dialogue of the blogosphere, in which partisan commentary reinforces parochial views and fact-checking or skeptical questioning more often elicit obscene ad hominem attacks than serious reflection.
Heather's inability to survive in a neighborhood where children are brutal and cliquish further reinforces the family's sense of helplessness.
Ginsberg and the Beatniks were cliquish, self-promotional and, for the most part, ended up moneyed and bourgeois.
They all seem cliquish and unfriendly, gathered in their different groups.
Anti-German sentiment alienates her from the cliquish community who regard her with suspicion and when, after briey sharing lodgings with Frandsen and his wife (Alex Kingston) and sprawling brood, Olaf finally allows her to move in, prejudices are compounded by moral outrage and, even though they sleep in separate buildings, Sorrensen urges his congregation to shun them for fear of being tainted by such sinfulness as dancing together.
But we who have watched "English" become the doormat of academic specialties know that epistemic cynicism, identity politics, cliquish power plays, animus against science, and a lax hospitality toward any theories that generate abundant discourse have stifled objective ,judgment and even, in some quarters, rendered it a term of abuse.