close formation

close formation

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A flight formation in which the airplanes fly at a minimum distance from one another. The normal distance in close formation is one wingspan laterally and one length when formatting in the astern position. In the case of helicopters, the usual separation is one rotor width, but this distance can be closer.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
References in periodicals archive ?
When in close formation, the ADS-carrier securely covers a friendly neighbouring aircraft with no EPE.
The many illustrations include Spitfires in close formation, rare images of 'The Few' in action and members of the squadron.
With a trademark combination of close formation flying and dynamic loops and rolls, the Red Arrows have been performing since 1965 and completed some 5,000 displays by the start of their latest season.
French for 'group', the peloton is a pack of cyclists who ride together in close formation.
The project will also use the latest sensor technology to allow three, low-carbon electric sports vehicles to drive in close formation between Stockport station and Manchester Airport.
I think that I have more chance of seeing a pig flying in close formation to the Red Arrows.
By putting the lorries in close formation, the leading wagon will drive air out of the way, making the tail-end trucks more efficient and lowering their emissions, it is believed.
The aerial daredevils will perform their world-famous feats of close formation when they put on a display as part of the latest in the series of Barry Weekenders at Barry Island.
When defending at the Emirates and the Etihad, Boro formed into a 4-5-1 with two banks of players lining up in close formation on the edge of the penalty area.
Goods vehicle manufacturer Scania and telecoms company Ericsson have recently entered into a partnership to evaluate the use of 5G for vehicle platooning, which involves heavy goods vehicles being operated in close formation to reduce drag, improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions.