closed shop


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closed shop

[¦klōzd ′shäp]
(computer science)
A data-processing center so organized that only professional programmers and operators have access to the center to meet the needs of users.
(industrial engineering)
An establishment permitting only union members to be employed.

Closed Shop

 

in capitalist countries the demand presented by a trade union to an entrepreneur that the latter hire only members of that particular union. In making these demands, the union often assumes the obligation of supplying the entrepreneur with the labor force needed. Under preferential hiring, which is a variety of the closed shop, the entrepreneur pledges to give preference to members of this union in hiring workers. The demand for the closed shop is resisted by entrepreneurs, whose interest is in weakening the trade unions. In the USA the closed shop is prohibited by the federal Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 as well as by the laws of several states. The closed shop is also prohibited in several provinces of Canada, in Australia, and elsewhere.

closed shop

A construction project operating under a work system that requires membership in a particular union as a necessary condition of employment.

closed shop

An environment in which only data processing staff is allowed access to the computer. Contrast with open shop.
References in periodicals archive ?
14) The war years gave a new sense of urgency and formality to encouraging continued production without interruption, conditions ripe for the closed shop or at least some alternate form of accommodation.
It will never be reformed while the solicitor/barrister closed shop prevails.
With respect to union structure, unions are seen to exert a negative influence on financial performance only where the closed shop (or a pseudo-closed shop supported by management - see below) is still in place.
It made it unfair for an employer to dismiss anyone for non-membership of a union, unless a closed shop agreement had been supported by 80 per cent of affected employees in a secret ballot within the previous five years.
Even though I was an NUJ shop steward, and closed shops were common in those days, I always argued against them.
It needs broadening to allow those with real life experiences to represent us, not a political elite closed shop.
Factory closed shops WE now increasingly have the closed shop.
What this whole circus is great for is putting money in the pockets of all the commercial business enterprises that are involved in the Olympics, and what a closed shop that is.
This is surely akin to the recent scandal about Westminster MPs expenses payments and is yet another example of how a closed shop of so-called democratically elected individuals abuses the system by awarding itself payments which have never been approved by the electorate at large.
One less advocate of big brand closed shop twaddle.
And although Westwood is primed to profit most these next few weeks, Tardelli has told Murphy that it's not a closed shop.
But the Saints cleverly closed shop in the final minutes to hold on.