Fairbanks sits at the center of a perfect storm for high energy prices: the community of thirty thousand endures long, dark, brutally cold winters; residents rely on high-priced fuel oil; it is hundreds of miles from oil and natural gas deposits and has limited transportation options; and its location in a closed valley
helps pool pollution, leading to some of the worst air quality in the nation.
Jurgen Wasim Frembgen's The Closed Valley: With Fierce Friends in the Pakistani Himalayas proves that this observation isn't just a static stereotype but a reality which cannot be escaped.
As a work of literary anthropology, The Closed Valley seeks to rectify this unspoken conflict and bridge the gap between two cultures.
Narrated from the perspective of an outsider', The Closed Valley is propelled by the desire for objectivity.
Smooth rock surfaces, a closed valley
and a sacred mountain in the vicinity could hold the answers to such a rare concentration of rock art, he notes.
Sheila Smith outside the closed Valley
In some parts of northern Bulgaria and closed valleys
, lows are expected to reach -23 C.