clove


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to clove: clove oil, Clove cigarettes

clove,

name for a small evergreen tree (Syzygium aromaticum or Eugenia caryophyllata) of the family Myrtaceae (myrtlemyrtle,
common name for the Myrtaceae, a family of shrubs and trees almost entirely of tropical regions, especially in America and Australia. The family is characterized by leaves (usually evergreen) containing aromatic volatile oils. Many have showy blossoms.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family) and for its unopened flower bud, an important spice. The buds, whose folded petals are enclosed in four toothlike lobes of the calyx, are gathered by hand, dried, and marketed either whole or ground for culinary purposes. Clove oil, obtained by distillation, is widely used in synthetic vanilla and other flavorings as well as in perfumes; it is often considered medicinal and antiseptic.

Cloves have been found among ancient remains (c.1700 B.C.) in Syria, and the spicy fragrance of cloves was used by the Chinese (c.3d cent. B.C.) and by the Romans. The source of the spice was unknown to Europeans until the Portuguese first visited the Spice Islands (the Moluccas) and found clove trees growing wild. The Portuguese and then the Dutch held the clove trade in monopoly, eliminating the tree from all but a single island, until the late 18th cent. Today cloves are products also of other tropical areas, e.g., the West Indies, islands off E Africa such as Madagascar and Zanzibar, and Sri Lanka.

Clove is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Magnoliopsida, order Myrtales, family Myrtaceae.

Enlarge picture
clove

clove

Strongly flavored common spice that adds flavor to many dishes is also a parasite killer and considered an aphrodisiac in many cultures. Clove oil is used to stop bleeding, reduce inflammation, relieve pain. Cloves are actually the dried flower buds of a tree originating from southern Asia. Clove is an ant repeller. Helps build stomach acid, helps digestion, increases peristaltic action in intestine. Disinfectant. Rub on tooth cavity to stop pain. Stimulating and warming, helps people with cold hands and feet. Promotes sweating to relieve fever. Safe for relieving vomiting by pregnant women.

clove

[klōv]
(botany)
The unopened flower bud of a small, conical, symmetrical evergreen tree, Eugenia caryophyllata, of the myrtle family (Myrtaceae); the dried buds are used as a pungent, strongly aromatic spice.
A small bulb developed within a larger bulb, as in garlic.

clove

1. a tropical evergreen myrtaceous tree, Syzygium aromaticum, native to the East Indies but cultivated elsewhere, esp Zanzibar
2. Botany any of the segments of a compound bulb that arise from the axils of the scales of a large bulb
References in periodicals archive ?
As the extraction time was increased from 5 to 10 minutes, cinnamon and clove infusions had doubled TPC values whereas cinnamon decoctions were decreased from 11908+-47 to 2883+-189 ug gallic acid/g.
Clove oil was among 17 agents used in the 77 cited studies.
The increase in pseudo-stem height by clove topping could possibly be due to removal of some sprout inhibiting substance, abscisic acid (ABA) contained in the removed portion which led to early sprouting of cloves and enabled proper stalk elongation.
Clove Extracts Potentiate FMSP-Nanoparticles Inhibition on Cell Viability.
Clove oil was used after being dissolved in ethanol at a rate of 1/9 (1:10 ratio of clove oil: ethanol) as described by Anderson et al.
Dough development time for flour containing 2:2 cinnamon along with thyme and 1:2 clove along thyme was 2.0 and 2.5 minutes, respectively.
Clove oil is not completely soluble in sea water below 28[degrees]C.
Aside from the fate of the farmers, the decline of the sector may adversely affect the island's tourism earnings since visits to clove farms have become a cornerstone of the island's tour packages, therefore threatening both of the island's top foreign-exchange earners.
Since the aqueous extract of clove has bacteriostatic and bactericidal activity against all test isolates that were resistant against various antibiotics tested so its effective use can be made in therapy for infections caused by such bacterial pathogens as in recent years multidrug resistance has emerged among pathogenic bacteria against antibiotic therapy.
In a non-metallic bowl place the mutton, onions, garlic, thyme, curry powder, allspice, cloves, bay leaves and oil.
Clove oil is a natural analgesic and antiseptic agent used primarily in dentistry for its main ingredient, eugenol.