Clupeidae

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Clupeidae

[klü′pē·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The herrings, a family of fishes in the suborder Clupoidea composing the most primitive group of higher bony fishes.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Clupeidae

 

(herring), a family of bony fishes of the order Clupeiformes. The body length is usually 35–45 cm, although a few species do reach a length of 75 cm.

There are about 50 genera, distributed from temperate latitudes to the tropics. The majority live in the sea; there are a few migratory and freshwater forms. Reproduction occurs not far from shore; the roe are pelagic or, in some genera (for example, Clupea), benthic. The fishes feed on plankton or, sometimes, on small fishes. They live in schools, and many migrate long distances. Of the greatest economic value are sardines, Clupeonella, sprats, marine species of the genus Clupea, and migratory and marine species of the genus Alosa. Clupea are found in the boreal region of the Atlantic Ocean; in the North, Norwegian, Barents, and White seas; along the shores of Siberia; and in the Pacific Ocean as far south as southern Primor’e and California. The Alosa are present in the Atlantic Ocean, the Caspian Sea, and the basin of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Herring are of very great importance in commercial fishing. The world catch reaches 5 million tons a year. The fishes are used in salted, smoked, and canned form.

REFERENCES

Svetovidov, A. N. Sel’devye. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952. (Fauna SSR: Ryby, vol. 2, issue 1.)
Promyslovye ryby SSSR: Opisaniia ryb (text to atlas). Moscow, 1949.
Zhizn’ zhivotnik, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.

IU. IU. MARTI

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although retention of small clupeid and lutjanid larvae was observed to differ between the paired samples collected with the nets with both mesh sizes and was supported by the significant difference in the length-frequency distributions of the 2 taxa, the modeled results for those taxa failed to indicate a substantial difference in abundance-at-size between the samples collected with the finer- and coarser-mesh nets.
Because of the often-limited supply and expense of clupeid fish baits, a fish + formulated bait combination can extend the supply of fish while maintaining a high bait margin.
aurita in this study were within the range registered for this species and for other clupeids in different latitudes.
southeastern coast, several anadromous, alosine clupeids, namely, the blueback herring, Alosa aestivalis; the hickory shad, A.
Maturation, growth and mortality of clupeid and engraulid stocks in relation to fishing.
The effect of temperature and somatic growth on otolith growth: the discrepancy between two clupeid species from a similar environment.
The Patagonian sprat (Sprattus fuegensis) is a small pelagic clupeid with a similar spatial distribution in both the South Pacific and Atlantic Ocean.
Some aspects of the reproductive biology of the clupeid Ilisha Africana (Bloch) off Lagos coast, Nigeria.
The clupeid fishery involving mainly Odaxothrissa mento and Sierathrissa spp.