co-operation


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co-operation

  1. shared action to achieve a desired goal.
  2. voluntary organizations of producers or consumers characterized by collaborative rather than competitive capitalist relations between those involved.
In the general sense 1 , it is something of a paradox that those engaged in mutual conflict, even warfare, must often co-operate, at least to some degree, in order to maintain the conflict. Thus, the widespread existence of co-operation within social organizations and societies does not necessarily answer the question of whether co-operation or competition is the decisive social cement of societies, e.g. underlying the DIVISION OF LABOUR.

In sense 2 , the major reference is to the co-operative organizations, and the wider Co-operative Movement dating from the early 19th century in Europe. These derived from the ideas of socialists such as Robert Owen (1771-1858) and the democratic and participatory principles established by the Rochdale Pioneers, who established the first retail co-operative in 1844. As producer and marketing organizations, co-operatives have been especially effective in agriculture. In general, in the context of a wider capitalist system, co-operative organizations have tended to suffer from undercapitalization and poor organization.

References in periodicals archive ?
The meeting was held within the framework of the agreement that was signed between Qatar and Malaysia in 2017 for co-operation in higher education sector.
He commended political, trade and economic relations binding the two countries, stressing the importance of the visit which will further expand business co-operation.
In an interview with Singapore's Straits Times today, he said, 'We must stress greater co-operation, and the co-operation must be real.
Salvini asserted that co-operation is "close and continuous between the two countries in combating illegal migration and terrorism."
The agreements are the 'One Belt One Road Memorandum of Understanding', 'Memorandum on Regional Aviation Co-operation', 'Agreement for Co-operation in the peaceful use of nuclear energy', and 'Co-operation to carry out Maternal and Child Health Project.'
New Delhi [India] Feb 20 ( ANI ): Union Cabinet has given its approval to the Co-operation Agreement signed between the Indian and Morocco regarding the co-operation between the railways of the two countries.
"As per the agreement we will have co-operation in various aspects, including conducting competitions, technical and educational courses, study programmes and conferences, as well as the organising training camps for the national teams and clubs in both countries," Al Balushi said.
Perhaps forging a tripartite co-operation is a slow process, especially when there is no great practical need for one.
The UAE is committed to boosting co-operation with the European Union (EU) based on principles of mutual respect and mutual vital interests driven by the UAE's open foreign policy on economic and trade fields, said UAE Minister of Economy Sultan bin Saeed Al Mansouri during a meeting with President of the EU-UAE Parliamentary Friendship Group Antonio Lopez-Isturiz White in Abu Dhabi,
Bahrain and Thailand discussed ways to enhance bilateral co-operation in the economic, trade, investment and cultural fields by activating the agreements and memoranda of understanding signed between them.
Summary: Tunisia and Gabon signed six co-operation agreements in the areas of administrative assistance, health, higher education, vocational training, employment and post.