co-operation


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co-operation

  1. shared action to achieve a desired goal.
  2. voluntary organizations of producers or consumers characterized by collaborative rather than competitive capitalist relations between those involved.
In the general sense 1 , it is something of a paradox that those engaged in mutual conflict, even warfare, must often co-operate, at least to some degree, in order to maintain the conflict. Thus, the widespread existence of co-operation within social organizations and societies does not necessarily answer the question of whether co-operation or competition is the decisive social cement of societies, e.g. underlying the DIVISION OF LABOUR.

In sense 2 , the major reference is to the co-operative organizations, and the wider Co-operative Movement dating from the early 19th century in Europe. These derived from the ideas of socialists such as Robert Owen (1771-1858) and the democratic and participatory principles established by the Rochdale Pioneers, who established the first retail co-operative in 1844. As producer and marketing organizations, co-operatives have been especially effective in agriculture. In general, in the context of a wider capitalist system, co-operative organizations have tended to suffer from undercapitalization and poor organization.

References in periodicals archive ?
New Delhi [India] Feb 20 ( ANI ): Union Cabinet has given its approval to the Co-operation Agreement signed between the Indian and Morocco regarding the co-operation between the railways of the two countries.
At a meeting with Minister of Development, Investment and International Co-operation Zied Ladhari on Friday, the Italian official talked about the co-operation between Tunisia and the Italian agency, in addition to the co-operation program 2017 / 2020 which provides for the mobilisation of AaAaAeA@1/4 165.
The Chief Executive said, "At the 20th Plenary of the Hong Kong/Guangdong Co-operation Joint Conference, Governor Ma Xingrui and I reviewed the progress of Hong Kong-Guangdong co-operation over the past year and laid down the directions for co-operation for the coming year.
As per the agreement we will have co-operation in various aspects, including conducting competitions, technical and educational courses, study programmes and conferences, as well as the organising training camps for the national teams and clubs in both countries," Al Balushi said.
MoU on Defence Co-operation and Exchanges, signed by BDF Chief of Staff Lt-Gen Dheyab bin Saqr Al Nuaimi and Malaysian Defence Minister Hishammuddin Hussein.
Perhaps forging a tripartite co-operation is a slow process, especially when there is no great practical need for one.
The meeting discussed arrangements and agenda of the upcoming visit by a UAE delegation to the European Parliament headquarters in Brussels next week to explore prospects of increasing joint economic, trade and investment co-operation.
They agreed to take optimum advantage of investment opportunities on offer and facilities and services they provide to expand areas of co-operation to achieve common goals, said a report in the Gulf Daily News (GDN), our sister publication.
Summary: Tunisia and Gabon signed six co-operation agreements in the areas of administrative assistance, health, higher education, vocational training, employment and post.
The list of agreements comprised executive programme of co-operation in matters of social welfare for 2013/2015, executive programme of co-operation in matters of youth and sports for 2014, executive programme of co-operation in handicrafts for 2013/2015.
MONEY may be considered the root of all evil, but it fosters a spirit of co-operation in modern society, according to new research.
Summary: CAIRO - In order to discuss and find practical solutions to a number of important industrial issues, the Arab Organisation for Industrial Development and Mining (AIDMO), in collaboration with the Turkish Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology, is organising the Arab-Turkish Industrial Co-operation Conference in Istanbul, Turkey.