cocarcinogen

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cocarcinogen

[¦kō·kär′sin·ə·jən]
(medicine)
A noncarcinogenic agent which augments the carcinogenic process.
References in periodicals archive ?
Below, the main findings of these studies are reviewed for the benefit of the new readership, to highlight the experimental work providing strong evidence in support of a putative etiopathogenic cocarcinogenic role of SV40 in MM, despite the data from molecular and epidemiologic analyses showing moderately strong but controversial association.
In addition, there is some evidence that alcohol, even at low doses, increases serum estrogens under certain conditions and that this effect may be another important mechanism involved in alcohol's cocarcinogenic actions.
Among the reasons cited for the beneficial role of fruit and vegetables in this area are that dietary fibre decreases the body's production of secondary bile acids which have been found to be cocarcinogenic in tests conducted on rodents.
Still other components in ETS are either cocarcinogenic tumor initiators or tumor accelerants.
Cocarcinogenic effects of alcohol in hepatocarcinogenesis.
Vitamin E and organose-lenium prevent the cocarcinogenic activity of arsenite with solar UVR in mouse skin.
These data provide further evidence to support the ability of As to inhibit the DNA repair machinery, which is likely to enhance the genotoxicity and mutagenicity of other directly genotoxic compounds, as part of a cocarcinogenic mechanism of action.
1999) found no evidence for a cocarcinogenic or tumor-promoting effect of MF exposure, but the study used different substrains of SD rats than used in the original study.
Over the past few decades, however, several animal studies have indicated that alcohol can have a cocarcinogenic, or cancer-promoting, effect.
Formaldehyde also showed cocarcinogenic effects by inhalation, ingestion, and dermal exposure (Dalbey 1982; Iverson 1986; Takahashi et al.