Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to coconut: coconut water


fruit of the coco palmpalm,
common name for members of the Palmae, a large family of chiefly tropical trees, shrubs, and vines. Most species are treelike, characterized by a crown of compound leaves, called fronds, terminating a tall, woody, unbranched stem.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (Cocos nucifera), a tree widely distributed through tropical regions. The seed is peculiarly adapted to dispersal by water because the large pod holding the nut is buoyant and impervious to moisture. The trees therefore establish themselves naturally on small islands and low shores bordering the tropical seas. The tree grows to a height of 60–100 ft (18–30 m), with a smooth cylindrical stem marked by the ringlike scars of former leaves. It bears at the top a crown of frondlike leaves and yellow or white blossoms.

The number of nuts varies; a well-cared-for tree may yield 75 to 200 or more annually. The mature fruit as it comes from the tree is encased in a thick, brown fibrous husk. The nut itself has a hard woody shell, with three round scars at one end; the embryo lies against the largest scar and emerges through it as a developing plant. Through this easily punctured spot the "milk" of the young coconut may be drained.

Commercial Value

Its constantly growing commercial value has led to extensive cultivation of the coconut, especially in the Malay Archipelago, Sri Lanka, and India. The coco palm is one of the most useful trees in existence, every part of it having some value. The fruit, either ripe or unripe, raw or cooked, is a staple food in the tropics; the terminal bud, called palm cabbage, is considered a delicacy; the inner part of young stems is also eaten. The liquid inside the young nut, called coconut milk, is a nutritious drink. Another form of coconut milk, also called coconut cream when the fat content is higher, is made by soaking the grated raw flesh in heated water and straining out the solids. A sweet liquid obtained from the flower buds ferments readily and is used as a beverage, both when fresh and when distilled to make arrack; it may be boiled down to make various palm sugars, e.g., jaggery. The leaves are used for making fans, baskets, and thatch. The coir (coarse fibers obtained from the husk) is made into cordage, mats, and stuffing; it becomes more buoyant and elastic than hemp in saltwater. The hard shell and the husk are used for fuel. The fibrous center of the old trunk is also used for ropes, and the timber, known as porcupine wood, is hard and fine-grained and takes a high polish. From the nutshells are made containers of various kinds—cups, ladles, and bowls—often highly polished and ornamentally carved. The root is chewed as a narcotic.

Commercially the greatest value of the coconut lies in the oil, which is extracted from the dried kernels of the fruit. The nuts when ripe are apt to spoil or become rancid; therefore when they are gathered they are broken open, and the flesh is dried and exported under the name of copra. The oil content of copra ranges from 50% to 70%, depending upon the method of drying. Coconut oil, the major type of palm oil, has been extracted by mortar and pestle in Asia since antiquity; the coconut and the olive are the earliest recorded sources of vegetable oil. Primitive methods of drying and expressing the copra have in many cases given way to modern machinery such as rotary driers and hydraulic presses. The residue, known as coco cake, makes excellent cattle food, as it usually contains a remnant of 6%–10% oil. Large quantities of shredded or desiccated coconut made from copra and many whole coconuts are exported for use chiefly in the making of cakes, desserts, and confectionery.


Coconuts are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Liliopsida, order Arecales, family Palmae.


Cocos nucifera. A large palm in the order Arecales grown for its fiber and fruit, a large, ovoid, edible drupe with a fibrous exocarp and a hard, bony endocarp containing fleshy meat (endosperm).


presented to women who want to be mothers. [Ind. Folklore: Binder, 85]


, cocoanut
the fruit of the coconut palm, consisting of a thick fibrous oval husk inside which is a thin hard shell enclosing edible white meat. The hollow centre is filled with a milky fluid (coconut milk)
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, Duque lauded the United Coconut Associations of the Philippines for organizing this year's World Coconut Congress, in line with the 33rd National Coconut Week Celebration.
Moreover, in the medium to the long term, our coconut has so much upside in the unique freshness of coconut water and the many uses and applications of coconut cream (milk).
Pinol again urged Malacanang to lift the Marcos-era ban on the export of mature coconuts.
Aside from coconut water, coconut milk is seen as an alternative coffee creamer in the US.
Agriculture Secretary Emmanuel Pinol in a statement said the shipment will be followed with a launching of marketing young coconuts in San Jose, California.
Upon collecting the initial P100 million, the Philippine Coconut Authority (PCA) established the Coconut Investment Fund on behalf of the coconut farmers.
"We call it coco-wood, which is coconut timber harvested when the tree is no longer productive.
'Badagry was the first point of contact the coconut plantation was established in 1845; that's about 173 years ago; hence the importance the average indigene of the area attaches to the fruit,' he stated.
Sando told our reporter how she and others that are engaged in selling coconut shelf purchase a pick-up load of the product for LRD$45, 000.00, and a truck load for LRD$100, 000.00, depending on the distance to be covered.
'Currently, there is only the Malaysian Pineapple Industry Board (LPNM), while there is no special body to oversee coconut,' he told a media conference after a visit to a pineapple farm here today.
However, the American Heart Association (AHA) recently sought to hit the brakes on a major part of that trend-health claims for coconut oil.