codeine


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

codeine

(kō`dēn), alkaloid found in opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
..... Click the link for more information.
. It is a narcoticnarcotic,
any of a number of substances that have a depressant effect on the nervous system. The chief narcotic drugs are opium, its constituents morphine and codeine, and the morphine derivative heroin.

See also drug addiction and drug abuse.
..... Click the link for more information.
 whose effects, though less potent, resemble those of morphinemorphine,
principal derivative of opium, which is the juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. It was first isolated from opium in 1803 by the German pharmacist F. W. A. Sertürner, who named it after Morpheus, the god of dreams.
..... Click the link for more information.
. An effective cough suppressant, it is mainly used in cough medicines. Like other narcotics, codeine is addictive. See drug addiction and drug abusedrug addiction and drug abuse,
chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance to alter states of body or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. Traditional definitions of addiction, with their criteria of physical dependence and withdrawal (and often an underlying
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Codeine

 

an alkaloid contained in opium. Codeine is similar to morphine in chemical structure; however, its analgesic effect is less powerful. It relieves irritability of the coughing center. Codeine or codeine phosphate is prescribed for coughs. It is administered in the form of tablets or powders, mixed with sugar, sodium hydrocarbonate, terpin hydrate, thermopsis, and licorice powder. Codeine, in combination with soporifics and bromide preparations, is used as a sedative. Codeine is not prescribed for children. Prolonged use of codeine may cause addiction.

codeine

[′kō‚dēn]
(pharmacology)
C18H21NO3 An alkaloid prepared from morphine; used as mild analgesic and cough suppressant.

codeine

a white crystalline alkaloid prepared mainly from morphine and having a similar but milder action. It is used as an analgesic, an antidiarrhoeal, and to relieve coughing. Formula: C18H21NO3
References in periodicals archive ?
In July 2017, a member of staff observed that a bottle of codeine was not as thick as it was expected to be and three bottles were removed and tested.
'On Sunday, August 13, 2019 at about 2.00 a.m., the operatives of the Headquarters Strike Force Zone A intercepted one truck laden with dreaded codeine, Tramadol and other controlled pain killers along Maryland, Ikeja.
And Annette Tweedley said: "Why would a doctor prescribe methadone to come off codeine? That's insane."
The 50-year-old, from the Isle of Bute in Scotland, began to buy codeine online, was eventually put on methadone and later got hooked on heroin "to try to keep the depression away".
A Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) panel heard that on one occasion Phelan, who was employed via Amber Care Agency, prescribed 100 15mg tablets of codeine to a patient who came in complaining of facial pain.
"When I first became aware of the use of excess codeine she was on over the years, I had tried to reduce her dosage - she was on eight to begin with.
There is limited data on levels of prescribing of codeine, consumption levels and prevalence rates of codeine use, misuse and dependence in South Africa.
"But patients should treat codeine with the utmost respect.
He said, 'Honestly, this is a welcome development because codeine is being abused by youths who are supposed to be our future leaders.
Labeling for the medications also is being updated with additional safety information for adult use--including an expanded Boxed Warning, the FDA's most prominent warning, notifying about the risks of misuse, abuse, addiction, overdose and death, and slowed or difficult breathing that can result from exposure to codeine or hydrocodone.
The agency also is requiring companies to add a boxed warning to drug labels for prescription cough and cold medicines containing codeine or hydrocodone about the "risks of misuse, abuse, addiction, overdose, death, and slowed or difficult breathing," according to an FDA safety announcement.