codeine

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codeine

(kō`dēn), alkaloid found in opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
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. It is a narcoticnarcotic,
any of a number of substances that have a depressant effect on the nervous system. The chief narcotic drugs are opium, its constituents morphine and codeine, and the morphine derivative heroin.

See also drug addiction and drug abuse.
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 whose effects, though less potent, resemble those of morphinemorphine,
principal derivative of opium, which is the juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. It was first isolated from opium in 1803 by the German pharmacist F. W. A. Sertürner, who named it after Morpheus, the god of dreams.
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. An effective cough suppressant, it is mainly used in cough medicines. Like other narcotics, codeine is addictive. See drug addiction and drug abusedrug addiction and drug abuse,
chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance to alter states of body or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. Traditional definitions of addiction, with their criteria of physical dependence and withdrawal (and often an underlying
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.

Codeine

 

an alkaloid contained in opium. Codeine is similar to morphine in chemical structure; however, its analgesic effect is less powerful. It relieves irritability of the coughing center. Codeine or codeine phosphate is prescribed for coughs. It is administered in the form of tablets or powders, mixed with sugar, sodium hydrocarbonate, terpin hydrate, thermopsis, and licorice powder. Codeine, in combination with soporifics and bromide preparations, is used as a sedative. Codeine is not prescribed for children. Prolonged use of codeine may cause addiction.

codeine

[′kō‚dēn]
(pharmacology)
C18H21NO3 An alkaloid prepared from morphine; used as mild analgesic and cough suppressant.

codeine

a white crystalline alkaloid prepared mainly from morphine and having a similar but milder action. It is used as an analgesic, an antidiarrhoeal, and to relieve coughing. Formula: C18H21NO3
References in periodicals archive ?
The company added that the Codeine Sulfate Tablets USP, 15 mg, 30 mg and 60 mg, are the therapeutic equivalent to the reference listed drug, Codeine Sulfate Tablets USP 15 mg, 30 mg and 60 mg, of Roxane Laboratories.
1 (a) Participants received 60 mg/70 kg (low), and 120 mg/70 kg (high) codeine sulfate on Tuesday, Thursday, and Monday of weeks 4 and 8, respectively.
Mean norcodeine plasma concentrations vs time after oral administration of 60 and 120 mg/70 kg codeine sulfate are illustrated in Fig.
Codeine Sulfate Tablets USP is a schedule II controlled substance, 15mg, 30mg and 60mg, the therapeutic equivalent to the reference listed drug, Codeine Sulfate Tablets USP 15mg, 30mg and 60mg, of Roxane Laboratories.