codling moth

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codling moth

(kŏd`lĭng), small moth, Carpocapsa pomonella, whose larva is the destructive apple worm. Of European origin, it is now found wherever apples are grown. The adult moth is gray with brown markings and has a wingspan of about 3-4 in. (1.8 cm). The 3-4-in. larva is pinkish, with a brown head. There are several generations a year; the early eggs are deposited on leaves and the later ones directly on the developing fruit. The larvae feed inside the fruit and pupate (see insectinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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) on the bark of the tree. Apple worms also attack pears, quinces, and English walnuts. The codling moth is classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Lepidoptera, family Tortricidae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Codling Moth


(Carpocapsa [Laspeyresia] pomonella), an insect of the family Tortricidae (leaf rollers), order Lepidoptera. The codling moth, a pest that feeds on various fruits, is distributed in apple-growing regions. The wingspan is 17–22 mm. The front wings are dark gray with wavy crossbands and a large reddish brown spot with a bronze cast near the tip. The back wings are light brown with fringed edges.

The caterpillars damage fruits of apple, pear, peach, plum, and other trees. The fruits fall prematurely, and among those picked there is a considerable percentage of rejects. Control measures consist in clearing trunks and large branches of old, dead bark, which must be destroyed, and spraying fruit trees with insecticides. In orchards, fallen fruit should be removed. Caterpillars can be caught in chemically treated paper bands and destroyed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tortricidae codling moth Eldana saccharina Pyralidae sugar cane borer Walker Epiphyas postvittana Lymantriidae light brown apple moth (Walker) Hypsipyla grandella Pyralidae mahogany shoot borer (Zeller) Lobesia botrana Tortricidae European grapevine moth (Denis & Schiffermuller Pectinophora gossypiella Gelechiidae the pink bollworm (Saunders) Plutella xylostella L.
The Hexi Corridor is considered an important natural barrier that prevents the codling moth from invading into the more southerly major fruit growing areas of China.
Effect of rearing strategy and gamma radiation on field competitiveness of mass-reared codling moths (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).
In fact, application of pheromone-based mating disruption has proven to reduce the number of required co-applied broad-spectrum insecticide sprays for adequate control of codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) and oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck).
(2012) described a very cost-effective and simple bioassay for assessing the quality of sterilized codling moths for both field and laboratory by counting the number of released moths that have flown from a cylinder over a period of around 3 days.
Once upon a summer, apple trees had one principal insect problem: the codling moth, or common apple worm.
Western Australia is fortunate in that 2 key pests of perennial horticulture, the codling moth and the Oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), have not established in the state, and since 1900 over 20 campaigns have been carried out to eradicate incursions (Woods et al.
One reason supermarket apples are spotless is that they have been protected from the codling moth, which lays its eggs on apple trees, these hatching into maggots.
HANG codling moth pheromone traps at head height in apple and pear trees.
These multistate 5-year projects are managed out of Wapato, Washington (codling moth), Brookings, South Dakota (corn rootworm), Manhattan, Kansas (stored-wheat insects), Sidney, Montana (leafy spurge), Gainesville, Florida (fire ants), Hilo, Hawaii (fruit flies), Stillwater, Oklahoma (Russian wheat aphid and greenbug), Stoneville, Mississippi (tarnished plant bug), and Fort Lauderdale, Florida (melaleuca).