coelostat


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coelostat

(see -lŏ-stat) A flat mirror that can be driven by a clock mechanism so as to rotate from east to west about an axis parallel to the Earth's rotational axis, thereby compensating for the west-to-east rotation of the Earth. The mirror may thus continuously reflect light from the same area of the sky into the field of view of an instrument that is fixed in position, usually by means of an additional optical system. See also heliostat; siderostat; solar telescope.

Coelostat

 

an auxiliary astronomical instrument with a flat rotating mirror that makes it possible to observe celestial bodies moving as a result of the apparent diurnal rotation of the celestial sphere by means of stationary instruments, such as horizontal and solar tower telescopes.

Figure 1. Diagram of a coelostat

A flat mirror M (see Figure 1) is fixed to the OO axis, which is parallel to the plane of the mirror and to the axis of the earth. The coelostat’s axis is rotated by a clockwork mechanism C at a rate of one rotation per 48 hours (solar or stellar time, depending on whether the sun or stars are being observed). By virtue of the design, the normal to the mirror slides along the celestial equator, while the direction of the reflected ray of a celestial body remains fixed. By turning the mirror about its axis, the reflected ray of the celestial object with declination δ can be directed at any point of the parallel with declination – δ. The horizontal direction, which is different for bodies of different declinations, proves to be most convenient. Introducing an additional fixed flat mirror makes it possible to direct in any direction a ray reflected from the coelostat’s mirror.

The image produced by a coelostat does not rotate (in its plane), which is an advantage over heliostats and siderostats, of whose design the coelostat is an improvement.

coelostat

[′sē·lə‚stat]
(engineering)
A device consisting of a clockwork-driven mirror that enables a fixed telescope to continuously keep the same region of the sky in its field of view.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other instruments include the 0.41-m Nishimura reflector, the 0.33-m Alvan Clark refractor, the historic 0.25-m Metcalf triplet refractor and a 0.20-m coelostat. A stellar auditorium, seating 100 inside and 200 on the roof, is used during the Observatory's many public evenings.
Steerable flat mirrors in a heliostat or coelostat arrangement direct the Sun's rays through the telescope.
Although inconspicuous from the street, the house-size building had a motorized dome and coelostat, a 76-foot-deep pit for spectrograph optics to provide a huge path for the Sun's rays, and state-of-the-art equipment.
At the Boyden Observatory near Bloemfontein, there is a 20cm coelostat with instrumentation for making narrow-band Ha observations.
At the Boyden Observatory near Bloemfontein, there is a 20-cm coelostat with instrumentation for making narrow-band H[alpha] observations.