It shows how positive environmental feedback associated with the successful strategy vector caused coevolutionary
lock-in and how this can illuminate time-paced evolution (Gersick, 1994; Brown and Eisenhardt, 1997) and the dynamics of competitive intensity (Barnett, 1997).
It arose through a coevolutionary
process, the simultaneous evolution of rules of behavior used by the individual agents.
The observable variation is observable only because other possible variations have already been deselected: the covariation between randomness and historicity evolves in a coevolutionary
potential of a "generalist" parasite.
fourth wave is fed by three currents: sustainable development, with its focus on the longterm future; environmental justice and its expansion of environmentalism to encompass the poor, ethnic minorities, and indigenous peoples disproportionately exposed to environmental hazards; and biocentrism, with its concern for the nonhuman world.
Moreover, institutional change is more likely to occur if it is supplemented by favorable coevolutionary
Ehrlich and Raven (1964) argued that the patterns of host plant association that we observe today have been shaped by a stepwise coevolutionary
process in which plants evolve defenses against natural enemies, and these enemies in turn evolve new capacities to cope with these defenses.
The balance of nature idea, on this reading, amounts to the claim that natural selection has produced a high level of coevolutionary
relationship among the various species in the community--there is a great degree of interspecific interdependence in the determinants of fitness.
The best research strategy for gene-culture coevolutionary
theory, and the
During this process, the duplicated QTL have retained similar functions, and presumably were tempered by coevolutionary
processes of host-pathogen interactions.
"Beyond Materialism: A Coevolutionary
Reinterpretation of the Environmental Crisis." Review of Social Economy, 1995, 53, 475-492.
A key challenge of coevolutionary
studies is to understand the ecological and evolutionary factors driving interacting species to undergo progressive bouts of reciprocal evolutionary change (Ehrlich and Raven 1964, Janzen 1980, Thompson 1989).