cognitive dissonance


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Related to cognitive dissonance: cognitive behavioral therapy

cognitive dissonance

[¦käg·nəd·iv ′dīs·ən·əns]
(psychology)
Psychological conflict that results from incongruous beliefs and attitudes held simultaneously.

cognitive dissonance

the experience of competing, opposing or contradictory thoughts, attitudes or actions leading to a feeling of tension and the need to achieve consonance. The term was introduced by Festinger (1957). In his definition dissonant cognitions exist when Belief A implies the negation of Belief B. For example, ‘Smoking causes lung cancer’ is dissonant with ‘I smoke’. The dissonance can be reduced in a variety of ways, either by adjusting Belief A or Belief B. Belief A could be adjusted by disregarding medical reports that confirm the belief and by paying particular attention to sceptical reports. Belief B can be adjusted by smoking less, or smoking tobacco of a low carcinogenic type.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cognitive dissonance has been utilized extensively in the fields of communication, education, and social psychology as a framework for researching incongruities among attitudes, beliefs, and social behaviors (Cooper, 2007; Harmon-Jones & Mills, 1999).
Consumer perceptions of shopping sophistication will be negatively related to feelings of cognitive dissonance.
It is assumed that one strategy will be used more than the other from among avoidance, cognitive dissonance and disengagement.
(2009), "Neural Activity Predicts Attitude Change in Cognitive Dissonance," Nature Neuroscience 12(11): 1469-1475.
Hence, in contrast to what the article indicated, cognitive dissonance is the pilot's ally (his or her internal annunciator/warning light).
It has changed virtually everything about how I teach about poverty, racism, sexism, imperialism, nationalism, heterosexism, and other oppressions, not because I want to protect the feelings of those who are experiencing cognitive dissonance related to one or more of these issues, but because everybody experiences cognitive dissonance related to one or more of these issues.
The cognitive dissonance is worsened by the systemic self-deception that the Indian media is now propagating.
In the case of Doss, he suffered no form of cognitive dissonance but, in the process of standing out, he encountered physical hardships as he chose not to conform to the expectations of being a soldier.
An example of cognitive dissonance as exhibited in Figure 1 could be if an individual holds pro-environmental behavior such as water conservation in high regard but currently wastes water by irrigating their lawn during rainy days.
If you try to re-define Leave as even partial Remain, then you have cognitive dissonance, and are rejecting a democratic vote.
Cheap Sentiment Compared With Cognitive Dissonance and Hypocrisy
Two key bodies of scholarship form the theoretical framework for this study: (a) research on the influence of teachers' beliefs on learning within a teacher preparation program (TPP) and (b) research on the constructive process of learning to teach often catalyzed by cognitive dissonance. Each of these will be examined in turn.

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