Expert

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Expert

 

(1) A specialist (in, for example, an area of science, technology, or art) who is invited to help study problems whose solution requires specialized knowledge (see).

(2) In law, a person who has specialized knowledge and is asked to conduct an examination (see). The request may come from agencies of investigation, the court, other governmental agencies (such as an arbitration tribunal), or nongovernmental agencies (such as an arbitration board). In the USSR the work of an expert is regulated by procedural legislation and statutes that pertain to the institutions conducting examinations. Questions that are decided by an expert should not involve the juridical aspects of a criminal or civil case. Conclusions are presented by the expert in written form. The expert may be held criminally responsible for knowingly giving a false conclusion or for refusing without reason to present his conclusion.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Java cognoscenti, and the marketers who sought them, started talking varietals and altitudes.
It's literally a dictionary, divided by general subject--management and strategic issues, sales and marketing, etc.--of the phrases that the office cognoscenti bandy about around the water cooler.
What this means, in career terms, is that although routinely deemed an "artist's artist" by the cognoscenti, he is far from widely known.
The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA--pronounced F-I-M-S-A by cognoscenti in Washington) opened for business on Feb.
A case in point: the Vancouver producers behind the 100-per-cent-Canadian MVP/Air Bud franchise arguably have the best box-office record over the past 10 years with MVP (18 weeks), Air Bud (12 weeks), MVP2 (8 weeks) and Air Bud: Golden Retriever (7 weeks), yet the cognoscenti still ignore the fact that we make commercial films.
The magazine's hip, urban sophisticate point of view comes as no surprise; in addition to publishing, McDonald owns three eating and drinking establishments in New York City -- Lever House, Canteen and Merc Bar -- that are each very popular among Manhattan's cognoscenti. As if that's not enough, he also publishes Desert Living, a regional magazine based in Phoenix.
He has become an indispensable campaign "type," and among the cognoscenti, his name has become a common noun.
Since backup is so bad, it has now become fashionable in IT cognoscenti circles to say we are focusing on restore--not backup.
An examiner yells out "6,406,462!", and guffaws follow from the cognoscenti.
Burden adds that he is among the cognoscenti who scratch their heads wondering why the virus is the leading cause of death for black women between the ages of 25 and 34 and for black men between the ages of 35 and 44, and why black men represent 49% of all new AIDS cases in the United States.
Far more than a rivalry between adult and children's companies or a series of ad hominem attacks designed to amuse the cognoscenti, Jonson initiated a radical challenge to the practices of his profession that could not go unanswered.
Card cognoscenti will find the play similar to that of Milles Bornes.