Colibacillosis


Also found in: Medical.

Colibacillosis

 

an acute infectious disease of newborn farm and fur-bearing animals, caused by pathogenic serotypes of colibacillus (Escherichia coli). In most cases the disease is accompanied by profuse diarrhea. Sick animals and latent carriers of the bacteria are the sources of the causative agent. Diagnosis of the disease is based on clinical, pathologico-anatomic, and epizootologic data and on positive results of bacteriological examination. Treatment includes the use of specific agents, antibiotics, sulfanilamides, and nitrofurans. Preventative measures include proper feeding and care of newborn animals and their mothers; prompt isolation of sick animals; and disinfection of cages, implements, carcasses, bedding, and manure. Prophylactic measures include immunization of the newborns with a specific serum and of pregnant animals with colivaccines made from local strains of the causative agent.

REFERENCE

Koliakov, la. E., S. S. Gitel’son, and L. S. Kavruk. Kolibakterioz teliat. Moscow, 1970.

IA. E. KOLIAKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Variation in clinical findings associated with neonatal colibacillosis in lambs before and after treatment.
Common duck diseases include duck virus hepatitis, duck virus enteritis, riemerella anatipestifer infection, avian cholera, colibacillosis, aspergillosis, aflatoxin poisoning and botulism.
Effect of colibacillosis or coccidiosis on expression of breast cancer resistance protein in small intestine and liver of chickens.
Hence, poultry industry is suffering from economical losses due to waterborne diseases, such as chronic respiratory disease, colibacillosis, avian cholera, etc.
pasteurellosis, colibacillosis and salmonellosis (Suttle and Jones, 1989; Soodan et al., 2007).
coli in vacuum-packed beef is independent of MPN/g of coliforms at 45[degrees]C, but its presence indicates fecal contamination, possible existence of other pathogens and the risk of colibacillosis transmission by pathogenic E.
In chicken, pathogenic strains cause respiratory infections, pericarditis, septicemia [3], and colibacillosis [4, 5].
Enrofloxacin (ENR) is a fluoroquinolone (FQ) antibiotic that is a second-generation FQ modified from the quinolone family and commonly used in intensive poultry farming to treat chronic respiratory disease, colibacillosis, and fowl cholera.
The antibiotics are often used for prevention and treatment of colibacillosis. The b-lactam antibiotic including penicillins, cephalosporins, cephamycins, monocyclic lactams and other atypical class refers to a large class of antibiotics containing the b-lactam ring structure.
The pathogenesis of colibacillosis is not completely understood, but some E.
Antibioresistance of Escherichia coli strains isolated from chicken colibacillosis in Western Algeria.
We have conducted the epizootological and epidemic statistical analysis of the prevalence of the emergent pathogens amongst animals and people all over Kazakhstan during 2012-2014 and this analysis certifies the annual broad dissemination of emergent infections (salmonellosis, colibacillosis, listeriosis, yersiniosis, clostridiosis, etc.) amongst animals and human population.