colic


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Related to colic: Gripe water, abdominal colic

colic,

intense pain caused by spasmodic contractions of one of the hollow organs, e.g., the stomach, intestine, gall bladder, ureter, or oviduct. The cause of colic is irritation and/or obstruction, and the irritant and/or obstruction may be a stone (as in the gall bladder or ureter), an irritant food or gas (in the stomach and intestines), appendicitis, or implantation of an embryo in an oviduct. Intestinal colic in infancy is sometimes attributed to gas formed by excessive swallowing of air or inadequate digestion of milk. Treatment of colic is relative to the cause.

Colic

 

a paroxysm of acute spasmodic abdominal or retroperitoneal pain. There are various forms, including hepatic and renal colic, which are caused primarily by stones; vermicular colic; intestinal colic, which is caused by fecaliths and certain diseases; and pancreatic colic, which is a symptom of pancreatitis and pancreatic calculi. The pain associated with colic is due to prolonged spasm of the orbicular muscles of the intestinal walls, the biliary tract, and the ureter. Colic may also occur when portions of the intestine are distended by gases. It is accompanied by vomiting and worsening of the general condition. It may last from several minutes to several hours.

In animals a distinction is made between true colic, which occurs in diseases of the stomach and intestine, and false colic, which accompanies certain infectious diseases and pathological changes in the bladder, liver, and other organs. The seizures vary in duration, lasting from several minutes to several hours. The animals shift from leg to leg, paw the ground, lie down, roll about, and assume a variety of unnatural positions. Treatment and preventative measures include the use of pain relievers and the elimination of the causes of the disease responsible for the colic.

REFERENCE

Vnutrennie nezaraznye boleznii sel’skokhoziaistvennykh zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1967.

A. M. KOLESOV

colic

[′käl·ik]
(medicine)
Acute paroxysmal abdominal pain usually caused by smooth muscle spasm, obstruction, or twisting.
In early infancy, paroxysms of pain, crying, and irritability caused by swallowing air, overfeeding, intestinal allergy, and emotional factors.

colic

a condition characterized by acute spasmodic abdominal pain, esp that caused by inflammation, distention, etc., of the gastrointestinal tract
References in periodicals archive ?
CONCLUSION: The inclusion of spinal manipulative therapy as part of the protocol for the treatment of infantile colic is promising.
Conclusion: This study has shown that fasting in Ramadan does not change the number of renal colic visits.
Index to Chiropractic Literature was searched by using the heading of "Chiropract*" or "Chiropract* treatment." Results were individually combined with the text words colic, gastro-esophageal reflux disease, inflammatory bowel disease, constipation and colitis and searched with 'AND'.
Gelfand and her associates at UCSF, the odds ratio for the link between migraine and infant colic was 3.2 (95% confidence interval, 1.7-7.6), even though the authors removed the study with the largest effect size.
Past studies have claimed the supplement Lactobacillus reuteri improved stomach problems and colic in babies.
He said some studies have identified changes in the colonization that are associated with colic, although these changes have not been shown to be causative, and the specific kinds of bacteria potentially responsible have not been identified.
Finally, researchers may have discovered a way to prevent colic or soothe its symptoms.
Patients, aged 18-55 years, diagnosed with acute renal colic based on their chief complaint, history, and physical examination, and, or past medical history of renal stone, were enrolled in the study.
This study was conducted to compare the analgesic effects of intramuscular sodium diclofenac and intranasal desmopressin combination with intramuscular sodium diclofenac alone in patients with acute renal colic.
Neither my wife nor I have migraine, and although our children cried as infants, they wouldn't have qualified as having colic. However, I spent more than 40 years immersed in more than 300,000 patient encounters and can claim membership in the International Brother/Sisterhood of Anecdotal Observers, and as such, will offer up my explanation for Dr.
Pediatric literature identifies characteristics of colic: crying for more than three hours at a time, more than three days a week, for three weeks or longer in an infant who otherwise seems to be thriving.
A total of 100 patients who presented to the Pediatric Gastroenterology Division and were diagnosed with infantile colic according to the Rome 4 criteria (2) between July 2017 and September 2018 and 50 healthy infants without infantile colic or other chronic disorders who presented to the Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics were enrolled in the study.