colistin


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Related to colistin: Colistin sulfate

colistin

[kə′lis·tən]
(microbiology)
C45H85O10N13 A basic polypeptide antibiotic produced by Bacillus colistinus; consists of an A and B component, active against a broad spectrum of gram-positive microorganisms and some gram-negative microorganisms.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Crook, "Colistin resistance gene mcr-1 and pHNSHP45 plasmid in human isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae," Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol.
Thus, our therapeutic options against infections due to Carbapenemase producing bacteria are often limited to Tigecycline, Fosfomycin and Colistin.
Colistin, also known as polymyxin E, is a nephrotoxic and neurotoxic, concentration-dependent bactericidal antibiotic.
"All of Lidl's British meat is Red Tractor assured, meaning our suppliers are required to meet Red Tractor antibiotic use standards, which ban the use of colistin in poultry, and states that antibiotic usage must be tracked for annual review."
among Gram-negative bacteria were isolated with a high rate, almost the only antibiotic that could be used for Acitenobacter strains was colistin, carbapenem resistance was considerably high in Pseudomonas strains and ESBL positivity was observed with a high rate in Enterobacteriaceae, especially E.
Multi drug resistance was observed in NDM-1 and NDM-5 variants that exhibited resistance to ciprofloxacin, amikacin and aztreonam, and pan drug resistance in other variants like NDM-4, NDM-7 and NDM-9 that showed resistance to nearly all antimicrobials used in clinical practice excluding tigecycline and colistin.19 In the present work all our isolates harboring NDM-1 variant were showing resistance to ciprofloxacin, amikacin and aztreonam, and Morganella morganii to tigecycline and colistin as well.
Aerosolized colistin as adjunctive treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia due to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria: a prospective study.
Novodiag CarbaR+ combines multiplex qPCR and microarray testing in a single product allowing cost-effective and fast analysis of the most common CPE and colistin resistance markers.
(1) Therapeutic options against these infections are limited; "second line" agents include colistin, tigecycline, aminoglycosides, and carbapenems.
For a long time now, colistin has been used by clinicians as only option to treat these infections.