peccary

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peccary

(pĕk`ərē), small wild pig, genus Tayassu, the only pig native to the Americas. Although similar in appearance to Old World pigs, peccaries are classified in a family of their own because of anatomical differences. Peccaries have downward-curved tusks with which they fight ferociously when threatened. They have large heads and long snouts; both sexes have scent glands on the rump. There are two peccary species. The collared peccary, or javelina, Tayassu tajacu, is the more common, ranging from the SW United States to Argentina and inhabiting many types of country, from tropical swamps to dry scrub regions. It is about 20 in. (50 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 50 lb (23 kg); it has grizzled gray-black hair marked with a white neck band and an erectile mane on the neck. Collared peccaries move about in small family groups, eating roots, fruits, insects, worms, and reptiles. The white-lipped peccary, T. albirostris, is found in smaller numbers in forests from S Mexico to N Argentina. Reddish brown to black, with white lips and cheeks, it is somewhat larger than the collared peccary and more predacious in its habits. White-lipped peccaries move about in large herds foraging for food and hunting small mammals. Peccaries are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Tayassuidae.

peccary

[′pek·ə·rē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Either of two species of small piglike mammals in the genus Tayassu, composing the family Tayassuidae.

peccary

either of two piglike artiodactyl mammals, Tayassu tajacu (collared peccary) or T. albirostris (white-lipped peccary) of forests of southern North America, Central and South America: family Tayassuidae
References in periodicals archive ?
7,9), the finding of high antibody titers in some individual animals could indicate that collared peccaries are incidental rather than reservoir hosts.
Density estimates from transect counts and from more intensive census methods are very similar for agoutis, coatis, and collared peccaries.
Although the animals are losing habitat in Central America, collared peccaries, at least, are gaining in the Southwestern United States.
Perhaps because they eat softer - and quieter - nuts and fruits, collared peccaries may have less need for large herds, Kiltie says.
Reproductive biology of female collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) raised in captivity in Amazon region.
These seeds were also observed being consumed by agoutis (Dasyprocta puncata), Neotropical red squirrels (Sciurus granatensis) and collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu) in the field during the study.
However, anthropogenic activities such as farming may also benefit prey such as white-tailed deer, collared peccaries, lowland pacas, and white-nosed coatis.
Serum and urine biochemical indicators of nutritional status in adult female collared peccaries, Tayassu tajacu (Tayassuidae).
Collared peccaries are primarily herbivores that feed on prickly pears (Opuntia), roots, mesquite beans (Prosopis glandulosa), and other succulent vegetation.
Seasonal movement, home range, activity and diet of collared peccaries in Costa Rican dry forest.
Collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu), wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo), and raccoons (Procyon lotor) are native in southern Texas and they readily consume mast (Korschgen, 1967; Everitt et al.