peccary

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peccary

(pĕk`ərē), small wild pig, genus Tayassu, the only pig native to the Americas. Although similar in appearance to Old World pigs, peccaries are classified in a family of their own because of anatomical differences. Peccaries have downward-curved tusks with which they fight ferociously when threatened. They have large heads and long snouts; both sexes have scent glands on the rump. There are two peccary species. The collared peccary, or javelina, Tayassu tajacu, is the more common, ranging from the SW United States to Argentina and inhabiting many types of country, from tropical swamps to dry scrub regions. It is about 20 in. (50 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 50 lb (23 kg); it has grizzled gray-black hair marked with a white neck band and an erectile mane on the neck. Collared peccaries move about in small family groups, eating roots, fruits, insects, worms, and reptiles. The white-lipped peccary, T. albirostris, is found in smaller numbers in forests from S Mexico to N Argentina. Reddish brown to black, with white lips and cheeks, it is somewhat larger than the collared peccary and more predacious in its habits. White-lipped peccaries move about in large herds foraging for food and hunting small mammals. Peccaries are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Tayassuidae.
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peccary

[′pek·ə·rē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Either of two species of small piglike mammals in the genus Tayassu, composing the family Tayassuidae.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

peccary

either of two piglike artiodactyl mammals, Tayassu tajacu (collared peccary) or T. albirostris (white-lipped peccary) of forests of southern North America, Central and South America: family Tayassuidae
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
High seroprevalence (15.6%) against serogroup Australis (serovar bratislava) has been reported in collared peccaries and in feral and domestic pigs (7,8)
For coatis and collared peccaries, N was estimated directly by counting each animal in each social group.
Elsewhere, hunting and destruction of Latin America's rainforests pose problems for the white-lipped and, to a lesser extent, collared peccaries. "They are disappearing quickly in Central America," reports Eduardo Carrillo, a professor at Costa Rica's National University in San Jose.
No wonder early Spanish explorers and missionaries called collared peccaries "musk hogs."
Degeneration predominated in secondary and antral follicles of collared peccaries, which may be related to the follicle growth wave, that is, this species seems to have a first atresia wave and follicle selection, followed by a new atresia and dominance of some follicles.
Resource partitioning in sympatric populations of collared peccaries and feral hogs in southern Texas.
These seeds were also observed being consumed by agoutis (Dasyprocta puncata), Neotropical red squirrels (Sciurus granatensis) and collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu) in the field during the study.
However, anthropogenic activities such as farming may also benefit prey such as white-tailed deer, collared peccaries, lowland pacas, and white-nosed coatis.