peccary

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Related to collared peccary: javelina

peccary

(pĕk`ərē), small wild pig, genus Tayassu, the only pig native to the Americas. Although similar in appearance to Old World pigs, peccaries are classified in a family of their own because of anatomical differences. Peccaries have downward-curved tusks with which they fight ferociously when threatened. They have large heads and long snouts; both sexes have scent glands on the rump. There are two peccary species. The collared peccary, or javelina, Tayassu tajacu, is the more common, ranging from the SW United States to Argentina and inhabiting many types of country, from tropical swamps to dry scrub regions. It is about 20 in. (50 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 50 lb (23 kg); it has grizzled gray-black hair marked with a white neck band and an erectile mane on the neck. Collared peccaries move about in small family groups, eating roots, fruits, insects, worms, and reptiles. The white-lipped peccary, T. albirostris, is found in smaller numbers in forests from S Mexico to N Argentina. Reddish brown to black, with white lips and cheeks, it is somewhat larger than the collared peccary and more predacious in its habits. White-lipped peccaries move about in large herds foraging for food and hunting small mammals. Peccaries are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Tayassuidae.

peccary

[′pek·ə·rē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Either of two species of small piglike mammals in the genus Tayassu, composing the family Tayassuidae.

peccary

either of two piglike artiodactyl mammals, Tayassu tajacu (collared peccary) or T. albirostris (white-lipped peccary) of forests of southern North America, Central and South America: family Tayassuidae
References in periodicals archive ?
Potential prey species Jaguar Puma Cattle -0.34 0.24 Collared peccary -0.39 * 0.15 Great curassow -0.48 * 0.24 Grey fox 0.44 * 0.11 Horse -0.35 -0.26 Ocelot 0.43 * 0.20 Plain chachalaca -0.66 * -0.03 Rabbits 0.41 * 0.07 White-nosed coati -0.46 * -0.03 White-tailed deer -0.61 * 0.07 * Significant correlations p < 0.05
Despite reports that suggest the collared peccary could act as a reservoir for Leptospira spp.
These items comprised approximately 15% of the volume; the remaining volume was composed of collared peccary hair.
255 The collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu) is another species in danger of extinction that finds refuge in the Manantlan Biosphere Reserve.
Agouti, collared peccary, and brocket deer died at rates 5-8 times above background levels on BCI (Table 3).
It's called the collared peccary because it has a band of light-colored bristles around its neck, like a collar.
Among mammal species are tapir, collared peccary, and howler, spider, squirrel, and white-faced monkeys.
The strong scent gives them other names-- including skunk pig and musk pig--but their real name is collared peccary, thus distinguishing them from other peccaries.
Four species (gray-winged trumpeter Psophia crepitans, collared peccary Pecari tajacu, white-lipped peccary, red brocket deer Mazama americana) were recorded at 17 to 19 cameras (Table 1), indicating that they were widely distributed both on and off trails.
foetidissima by collared peccary (Pecari tajacu), speculate on their potential to disperse seeds, and question previous assumptions regarding the role extinct megafauna played in this mutualism.
The collared peccary (Pecari tajacu) is a neotropical mammal that has biological characteristics different from other suids.
Two species of peccaries (family Tayassuidae) can be found in the Atlantic rainforest of Brazil: the whitelipped peccary (Tayassu pecari, Link 1795) and the collared peccary (Pecari tajacu, Linnaeus 1758).