collective bargaining

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Related to collective bargaining: trade union, Collective bargaining agreement

collective bargaining,

in labor relations, procedure whereby an employer or employers agree to discuss the conditions of work by bargaining with representatives of the employees, usually a labor union. Its purpose may be either a discussion of the terms and conditions of employment (wages, work hours, job safety, or job security) or a consideration of the collective relations between both sides (the right to organize workers, recognition of a union, or a guarantee of no reprisals against the workers if a strike has occurred). The merits of collective bargaining have been argued by both opponents and proponents of the process; the former maintain that it deprives the worker of his individual liberty to dispose of his service, while the latter point out that without the union's protection the worker is subject to the dictation of the employer. As an essential process in labor relations, collective bargaining was first developed in Great Britain in the 19th cent. It has since become an accepted practice in most Western countries with a high level of industrialization. The National Labor Relations Act of 1935, known as the Wagner Act, established the right to collective bargaining in the United States.


See G. Farmer, Collective Bargaining in Transition (2 vol., 1967); J. S. Fishkin, The Limits of Obligation (1983); E. E. Herman et al., Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations (2d ed. 1987); J. P. Windmuller et al., Collective Bargaining in Industrialized Market Economies (1987).

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collective bargaining

the negotiations about terms and conditions of employment which take place between an employer, or an employers association, and one or more TRADE UNIONS. Sociological interest in collective bargaining has involved, for example, consideration of the implications it has for the structure, aims and accomplishments of trade unions, the relations between managers and employees, and the dynamics of capitalist society; an underlying theme being the extent to which it is associated with the institutionalization of conflict and, relatedly, the separation of economic and political issues (see POSTCAPITALISM, INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS).
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

collective bargaining

[kə′lek·tiv ′bär·gən·iŋ]
(industrial engineering)
The negotiation for mutual agreement in the settlement of a labor contract between an employer or his representatives and a labor union or its representatives.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
What unions and employers have done, in many cases at the request of the unions, is agree that a certain portion of the dues that union members pay will also be withheld from non-union members in a bargaining unit, arguably to pay for the services performed in negotiating the contract and providing the benefits of a collective bargaining agreement to employees.
This is in line with the ILO Convention C 098, Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining of 1949, and promoting collective bargaining Convention No.
In Romania, for example collective bargaining coverage fell from 98% in 2011 to 36% in 2012.
In this study, we present the first evidence on how laws that support teacher collective bargaining affect students' employment and earnings in adulthood.
"NCUA's new collective bargaining agreement strikes a balance between fiscal responsibility and attracting and retaining high quality employees, which are essential for NCUA to fulfill its mission," NCUA Communication Specialist Ben Hardaway said.
The difference between those who have passed on the funding and those who have refused, is the process of collective bargaining. Members renegotiating their CAs were able to discuss this funding with their employer, its origins and how it was to be used.
And the Third Circuit has held that if there is silence on the issue in collective bargaining agreements, they may allow an employer to modify or eliminate benefits.
collective bargaining. Experience has demonstrated that principled
Collective bargaining laws that only empower 'employees' (which may be narrowly defined) to organise and bargain as a collective may leave many workers subject to more restrictive rules of contract, commercial and competition law.
Collective bargaining and changing industrial relations in China; lessons from the U.S.

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