collective consumption

collective consumption

any consumption of goods and services whose provision and management, to a degree, ‘cannot be other than collective’, and which the private sector finds it unprofitable to provide (Castells, 1977). Among such goods and services identified by Castells were public transport, housing, and leisure provision. The term was introduced by Castells in an attempt to achieve a focus on the distinctive features of URBAN SOCIAL MOVEMENTS, which he viewed as above all seeking to influence and control the spatially-bounded collective consumption units provided in the urban context.

Subsequently, the term has been taken up by other political sociologists and political scientists (e.g. Dunleavy, 1980) and used in a more general way as the basis of an overall analysis of SECTORAL DIVISIONS which cut across more conventional divisions of class: above all, the distinction between those who, as consumers or workers, are main beneficiaries of collective consumption, and those who are not. Both in Castells' work and in later inquiries, the focus on collective consumption emphasizes the tension between the necessity for collective provision of some goods and services, and the burden on capital which this provision represents (see also STATE EXPENDITURES, FISCAL CRISIS IN THE CAPITALIST STATE). It is this conflict that is seen as both generating urban social movements and as making sectoral divisions an important dimension of political cleavage in modern capitalist societies.

References in periodicals archive ?
Higher collective consumption of sweetened fruit drinks, soda, and water is associated with a higher likelihood of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), a recent study suggests.
It is worth observing that the health of individuals, communities and populations is not dissociated from production processes, land use patterns, and individual and collective consumption. The negative impacts of such complex network of interactions are responsible for countless diseases and health problems which fall under the scope of environmental health surveillance and workers' health surveillance.
In the review year, general government expenditure accounted for 4.11% of gross domestic product (expenditure) in real terms, split between individual and collective consumption each of which accounted for 1.58% and 2.53% of GDP respectively.
As regards the expenditure components of GDP, the final consumption registered a positive economic growth of the individual and the collective consumption by 1.9% and 0.3% compared to the same quarter of the previous year.
But such development is absolutely impossible without allocation to it and its employees of the necessary amount and composition of material values, which economically relate to the group of consumption products, irrespective from the fact whether they are consumed by a person himself or they are only a product of collective consumption, as for example, buildings and furniture used in this sphere.
Collective consumption is that which cannot be linked to the individual, such as defence or law and order.
Rather than demand being driven by collective consumption, this would ensure that demand is driven by organisational communities.
As collective consumption goods, lectures are a cost-effective way to ensure that students are exposed to the tools necessary to think like an economist.
OK, that sounds a bit extreme, but we do need to take collective responsibility to meet our collective consumption.
In this regard therefore, the issue of an efficient group formation as well as an optimal size of a group becomes an institutional problem, begging the question what institutional or organisational structure could effectively deliver benefits of collective consumption. Here, club theory and collective action model both articulate ideas on the costs and benefits of cooperating under unified management to provide collective goods.

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