Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Wikipedia.


the principle of ownership of the means of production, by the state or the people
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


  1. any politicoeconomic doctrine which advocates communal or state ownership, and communal or state control of the means of production and distribution, e.g. COMMUNISM OR SOCIALISM.
  2. any political system in which communal or state ownership and control of the means of production and distribution is the dominant mode of economic organization. Actual forms of organization under collectivism vary widely. Thus, in some contexts, collectivism may involve a large measure of collective self-management.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a feature of socialist and communist social relations and a principle of communist morality that reveals the essence of the relationship between an individual and the society as a whole, the personality and the collective. Collectivism is the opposite of individualism. Historically, as a moral principle it originates even under the conditions of bourgeois society, within the working-class milieu, in the united actions of proletarians against the power of capital. Only in socialist society, however, does collectivism become a universal principle of relations between people in all spheres of social life, a prime requirement of personal moral conduct.

The social basis of socialist collectivism is public ownership of the means of production, which eliminates the exploitation of one person by another. Collectivism presupposes relations between society and the individual such that the development of society as a whole creates favorable conditions for the all-around development of the individual, and the development of the individual is the precondition for the progress of all of society. The main requirements that follow from the principle of collectivism in relations between people are comradely mutual assistance, the conscious acceptance and performance of one’s duty to society, the disciplined combining of social interests with those of the individual, and respect for the collective and its interests. The principle of collectivism presupposes a high degree of personal responsibility on the individual’s part: each person must answer not only for his or her own behavior and life-style but also for the fate of the collective and ultimately for the fate of society.

The program of the CPSU has as one of its aims the strengthening of collectivist tendencies in all spheres of life. The moral code of the builders of communism includes the very important principle: “collectivism and comradely mutual assistance; all for one and one for all.”

“Joint planned labor by the members of society, their daily participation in the management of state and public affairs, and the development of communist relations of comradely cooperation and mutual support result in the transformation of people’s consciousness along the lines of collectivism, industriousness, and humanism” (Programma KPSS, 1972, p. 117).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hypothesis 1: Korean employees high in collectivism will show greater organizational commitment than will those high in individualism.
Now, this in itself maybe a different topic we may one day tackle, but let's go back to the tug of individualism and collectivism issue.
They also filled out the full 15-item Adult Inventory of Procrastination Scale (AIP; McCown & Johnson, 1989; see Ferrari, Johnson, & McCown, (1995) for all items), and Individualism and Collectivism Scales (IC; 16 items, Triandis & Gelfand, 1998).
* Horizontal Collectivism perceiving the self as part of a collective being but perceiving all the members of that collective as equal.
(2004, 29) as "the degree to which individuals are integrated into groups within society." High institutional collectivism societies tend to reward prioritizing the group's needs over individual needs, encouraging group loyalty, and rewarding seniority.
Triandis (1995) further introduced the four typologies of horizontal collectivism, horizontal individualism, vertical collectivism, and vertical individualism, in which vertical poles signify a hierarchy whereas horizontal poles signify equality.
Table 1 shows that all variables were redeemed reliable with the exception of power distance and collectivism, which had relatively lower values.
The surge of racism and collectivism can readily be seen on college campuses, in the daily news, and on social media.
The findings of the GLOBE study has evolved with nine cultural dimensions which are Performance Orientation, Future Orientation, Gender Egalitarianism, Assertiveness, Institutional Collectivism, In-Group Collectivism, Power Distance, Humane Orientation and Uncertainty Avoidance.
"It matters very little, then, who runs collectivism or Big Government; the important point is the existence of masive statist institutions, which can be readily adapted to whichever group takes power, and hence to the control ling and repressing of the subject pop lation."