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the principle of ownership of the means of production, by the state or the people


  1. any politicoeconomic doctrine which advocates communal or state ownership, and communal or state control of the means of production and distribution, e.g. COMMUNISM OR SOCIALISM.
  2. any political system in which communal or state ownership and control of the means of production and distribution is the dominant mode of economic organization. Actual forms of organization under collectivism vary widely. Thus, in some contexts, collectivism may involve a large measure of collective self-management.



a feature of socialist and communist social relations and a principle of communist morality that reveals the essence of the relationship between an individual and the society as a whole, the personality and the collective. Collectivism is the opposite of individualism. Historically, as a moral principle it originates even under the conditions of bourgeois society, within the working-class milieu, in the united actions of proletarians against the power of capital. Only in socialist society, however, does collectivism become a universal principle of relations between people in all spheres of social life, a prime requirement of personal moral conduct.

The social basis of socialist collectivism is public ownership of the means of production, which eliminates the exploitation of one person by another. Collectivism presupposes relations between society and the individual such that the development of society as a whole creates favorable conditions for the all-around development of the individual, and the development of the individual is the precondition for the progress of all of society. The main requirements that follow from the principle of collectivism in relations between people are comradely mutual assistance, the conscious acceptance and performance of one’s duty to society, the disciplined combining of social interests with those of the individual, and respect for the collective and its interests. The principle of collectivism presupposes a high degree of personal responsibility on the individual’s part: each person must answer not only for his or her own behavior and life-style but also for the fate of the collective and ultimately for the fate of society.

The program of the CPSU has as one of its aims the strengthening of collectivist tendencies in all spheres of life. The moral code of the builders of communism includes the very important principle: “collectivism and comradely mutual assistance; all for one and one for all.”

“Joint planned labor by the members of society, their daily participation in the management of state and public affairs, and the development of communist relations of comradely cooperation and mutual support result in the transformation of people’s consciousness along the lines of collectivism, industriousness, and humanism” (Programma KPSS, 1972, p. 117).

References in periodicals archive ?
Upon being told that he could make an extra two million dollars by being more of a collectivist, Charles Barkley reportedly said "What the h___ do I need another couple of million for?
Based on Steidlmeier's argument that the trait of anthropocentrism is less common in collectivist societies, and the fact collectivist societies are more concerned with the welfare of their close group members rather than themselves (Hofstede 1984), it can be reasoned that collectivist societies would be less prone to harm the environment no matter if the issue at stake was firm profitability or personal economic well being.
1990) suggest that members in collectivist societies tend to favor values emphasizing ingroup (or collective) obligations over members in individualist societies.
In collectivist societies, many decisions are not made by individuals, but by families and groups, presumably with the larger good in mind; for example, in focus groups in Hawaii, physicians said they modified their approach to families on the basis of their understanding of cultural decisionmaking norms.
First of all, the collectivist view of social justice which allows for multiple realisations according to context and cultural/class group membership initially seems to be closely akin to relativism as no single approach to social justice is said to predominate.
Having highlighted the weakness of individualist thought and practices in modern Israel, Ezrahi traces them back to the strong collectivist overtones of the three different strands of Zionism -- socialist, nationalist and religious -- that inspired the creation of the state.
But such debate is not an end in itself The collectivist is committed to ensuring that, as far as possible, important information is disseminated to the citizens, and that the state enable such dissemination if need be, to the end of enabling true collective self-determination.
In a collectivist society there is significant emphasis placed on conformity and collective interest.
20) Since the exclusionary rule was not mandated by English common law as incorporated into the understanding of the text of the Constitution, it cannot be said that a collectivist rationale for exclusion was incorporated into the Constitution as originally written.
This book, written by a group of scholars, explores what happens when new forms of privatisation meet collectivist pasts, public space is sold off to satisfy investor needs and tourist gazes, and the state plans for Egypt's future in desert cities while stigmatising and neglecting Cairo's popular neighbourhoods.
seeking to relate the collectivist Ezekiel to Kant) are easily remedied by intradisciplinary dialogue, for example, by attending to the social scientific approaches to interpreting the Bible.
Aside from the fact that there is no evidence that President Obama has a collectivist philosophy (except to the extent that conservatives believe that any government action is collectivist), it is clear that rhetorical attacks on the Iranian government would do nothing for those protesting the election except undermine their position.