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breed of large, agile working dogworking dog,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs raised by humans to herd cattle and sheep, as draft animals, as message dispatchers in wartime, in police and rescue work, as guardians of persons and property, or as guides (see guide dog) for the
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 developed in Scotland during the 17th and 18th cent. It stands from 22 to 26 in. (55.9–66 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 50 to 75 lb (22.7–34 kg). There are two varieties of collie; it is thought that originally the rough-coated or long-haired type herded sheep in the torturous climate of the northern Scottish hills while the less weatherproof smooth-coated collie drove cattle to market. Both varieties may be sable and white, blue merle, tricolored (black, tan, and white), or white. Although no thoroughly documented explanation of the origin of the collie's name is ever likely to be set forth, the following is probably the most reasonable. A type of sheep once found in the Scottish Highlands had black markings, either on the face or legs, and was called the "Colley" sheep. The dog that was bred and trained to herd these sheep was known as the "Colley dog," and, later, as the "collie." Today it is one of the most popular farm dogs and pets in the United States. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal, fox, and tanuki also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a breed of working dogs, developed in the early 18th century in Scotland. It was imported into Russia in 1904. Two types of collies are bred. One type is bred by amateur dog breeders; the other, the border collie, is a herd-driving dog. Male collies measure 65–70 cm high at the shoulders; females, 60–65 cm. The head has a long muzzle. The ears are small and partially erect, and the tail is sword-shaped and usually fluffy. There are rough-coated (shorthaired) and smooth-coated (longhaired) collies. The dogs are red or black, with white markings on the forehead, muzzle, neck, legs, and the tip of the tail. In the USSR only smooth-coated collies are bred.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


any of several silky-coated breeds of dog developed for herding sheep and cattle
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"Recently the trustees of Men's Shed identified a possible location adjacent to the Alex Collie Sports Centre off Scotstown Road."
Mrs Collie has been volunteering in the Fraserburgh charity shop since it opened in 1990.
"We re-homed her with experienced collie owners, but it became apparent from her behaviour that her condition was getting worse.
In the early 1990s, Collie was studying to be a teacher at Cambridge University, where we were both involved in The Footlights comedy group.
Perhaps Collie's one weakness was a tendency to find the jokes far too funny, which resulted in lots of corpsing on stage.
Got a mental image of Collie? A big mobile knot of hairy muscle, with thick, curly black hair to his shoulders and a matching full beard ravens could hide in--if they dared.
There is no such thing as an 'average' Border Collie. The most familiar type is the classic black and white 'sheepdog' - though there are also many colour variations, such as blue or red merles who sport a fetching 'dappled' colour to their coats.
"Certainly, the Border Collie is the 'poster breed' for this disorder, but dogs of other breeds are affected, so the results will likely have broader implications for canine health."
My Border collie pup cries all the time, except out on a walk.
POLICE held a canine identity parade to enable an Aberystwyth teenager to pick out a collie which attacked her, a court has heard.