collodion

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collodion

(kəlō`dēən), solution of pyroxylinpyroxylin
, partially nitrated cellulose (see nitrocellulose). It is used in lacquers, plastics, and artificial leathers. Pyroxylin lacquers are made by dissolving pyroxylin in a mixture of volatile solvents and adding a plasticizer and a pigment or dye.
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 in a mixture of alcohol and ether. Upon exposure to air, the solvents evaporate, leaving a thin, colorless, elastic film on any surface upon which the collodion has been spread. Collodion is the forerunner of the lacquer paints that are now widely used in the automobile industry.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Collodion

 

an alcoholether solution of nitrocellulose; a colorless, transparent, or slightly yellowish liquid with the odor of ether. When applied to the skin, collodion congeals, forming a thin, tough film. It is used to secure surgical bandages and to coat small wounds and abrasions.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

collodion

[kə′lōd·ē·ən]
(organic chemistry)
Cellulose nitrate deposited from a solution of 60% ether and 40% alcohol, used for making fibers and film and in membranes for dialysis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.