combine

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combine

(kŏm`bīn), agricultural machine that performs both harvesting and threshingthreshing
or thrashing,
separation of grain from the stalk on which it grows and from the chaff or pod that covers it. The first known method was by striking the reaped ears of grain with a flail.
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 operations. Although it was not widely used until the 1930s, the combine was in existence as early as 1830. Early combines were traction-powered and drawn by horses, or later, driven by steam and internal-combustion engines. Self-propelled units appeared in the 1940s and have been adopted worldwide. Modern units feature dust-free, air-conditioned cabs and can handle more than 100 acres (41 hectares) of grain per day. Originally developed for cereal grains, the combine has been adapted to legumes, forage grasses, sorghum, and corn. The basic operations of a combine include cutting and gathering the standing crop, threshing the seed from the stem, separating the chaff, collecting the seed in a hopper for delivery to a truck, and returning the straw to the ground. The combine has replaced the reaperreaper,
early farm machine drawn by draft animals or tractor and used to harvest grain. Its historical predecessors were the sickle and the cradle scythe, which are still used in some parts of the world.
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; the binder, which cut and bound a harvested crop into bundles ready for threshing; and the thresher.

Bibliography

See C. Culpin, Farm Machinery (12th ed. 1992).

Combine

 

(industry), in the USSR, a production association of enterprises that ordinarily do not have legal independence and are managed by the directors of a head enterprise. There are three main types of combines. The first unites several technologically related specialized production processes in different sectors, sequentially processing or making comprehensive use of raw materials, scrap, and by-products. The second is an administrative association of technologically unrelated enterprises in one sector, for example, a combine in the coal industry. The third is an association of small diverse production facilities that often are unrelated technologically, for example, a municipal and domestic service combine or a raion industrial combine.


Combine

 

(Russian, kombain), a machine aggregate, a set of working machines simultaneously performing several different operations. The cycle of operations performed by the combine usually results in a finished product. The variety of combines is widest in agriculture (grain, potato, sugar beet, and other harvesters) and in mining (cutting and extracting combines). Combines are also becoming common in preparing food.

combine

Business an association of enterprises, esp in order to gain a monopoly of a market
References in periodicals archive ?
As regards suffix-preffix combinations, the freedom of combinability is higher.
Unique conditions resulting from sociocognitive bonds among family members result in unique knowledge structures and promote the speedy combinability of diverse consideration sets.
A good overview of combinability methods is presented in [3].
This account of the consignments for each distributor shows the way in which combinability is brought into play as a feature of accounting inscriptions necessary to enable action at a distance [Robson, 1992].
00 USD TKT NON REF DAY/TIME -NO RESTRICTION ADV RES/TKT -RES REQ 14 DAYS BEFORE DPTR--TKT WITHIN 1 DAY AFTER RESERVATIONS OR AT LEAST 14 DAYS BEFORE DPTR WHICHEVER IS EARLIER MIN STAY -RETURN AFTER 1 DAY AFTER DPTR FROM ORIGIN MAX STAY -30 DAYS AFTER DEPARTURE FROM ORIGIN BLACKOUTS -NO RESTRICTION SURCHARGES -NO RESTRICTION STOPOVERS -NO RESTRICTION COMBINABILITY -MAY BE COMBINED WITH ANY OTHER UA FARE THAT ALLOWS COMBINATION ROUTING 2 DTW IAH ORD
For example, nominalizations in some languages may lose the verbal agreement or tense markers but retain sentential marking of arguments as well as combinability with adverbs.
The combinability of the terms is relevant for a process-oriented approach to language contacts.
Every fare rule can be viewed in the CRS and combinability is always listed in the rule.
When FAC consultant Allison asked her how she tested combinability, she replied, "I didn't do anything because just by looking at these, I mean, it becomes clear to me," to which Allison replied, "I just want to point out that what one sees in an eyeball test varies with the eyeball" (FDA Food Advisory Committee, 1995c, p.
The logical properties associated with every well-formed symbol include general applicability to all possible similars, complete abstractability from any context that might instantiate its conventional uses, and combinability with other symbols so that it can be distinguished from those other symbols and yet be recognized for the individual symbol that it is itself (i.
The typology of negative adjectives makes sensitive and compelling use of measures based on semantic and morphological constraints in gradation and on syntagmatic constraints in quantification, particularly combinability of individual types with zcela ('quite, entirely') and velmi ('very').
1 Problem: Combinability Versus Consistency Control and Manageability