TERM

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term

1. any of the divisions of the academic year during which a school, college, etc., is in session
2. Law
a. an estate or interest in land limited to run for a specified period
b. the duration of an estate, etc.
c. (formerly) a period of time during which sessions of courts of law were held
d. time allowed to a debtor to settle
3. Maths either of the expressions the ratio of which is a fraction or proportion, any of the separate elements of a sequence, or any of the individual addends of a polynomial or series
4. Logic
a. the word or phrase that forms either the subject or predicate of a proposition
b. a name or variable, as opposed to a predicate
c. one of the relata of a relation
d. any of the three subjects or predicates occurring in a syllogism
5. Architect a sculptured post, esp one in the form of an armless bust or an animal on the top of a square pillar
6. Australian Rules football the usual word for quarter
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

TERM

 

(1) A word or word group that provides a precise definition of a concept and of its relations to other concepts within a particular subject field. Within that field, terms serve as specifying limiting definitions of their objects and phenomena and of their attributes and relationships.

Terms are significant only within a particular terminology. Unlike the meaning of words in the common language, the meaning of terms is not related to context. Within a particular system of concepts, a term is ideally monosemous, systematic, and stylistically neutral; examples are “phoneme,” “sinus,” and “surplus value.” Terms and nonterms, or words of colloquial speech, may shade into one another.

Terms are subject to the word-forming, grammatical, and phonetic rules of a given language. Terms are established either by assigning a specialized meaning to words of colloquial speech, or by means of borrowing and caiques of foreign terms. Modern linguistic scholarship tends toward the use of internationalisms in terminology and toward the semantic standardization of terminological systems within a particular discipline in different languages, that is, toward a monosemous correspondence among terms in different languages.

(2) In logic, an element of formalized language corresponding to the subject or object in the usual grammatical sense; also, the subject of a proposition in traditional logic. In the most widely accepted view, a term is an element of the premise of the propositions (statements) that form part of a categorical syllogism. Terms may be major, middle, or minor. A major term serves as the predicate (logical predicate) of a proposition that is the conclusion of a given syllogism. A minor term is the subject (logical subject) of the conclusion. A middle term does not form part of a syllogism’s conclusion, but it does form part of the proposition that serves as the syllogism’s premise.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

term

[tərm]
(mathematics)
For an expression, any one of several quantities whose sum is the expression.
For a fraction, either the numerator or the denominator.
(spectroscopy)
A set of (2 S +1)(2 L +1) atomic states belonging to a definite configuration and to definite spin and orbital angular momentum quantum numbers S and L.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

terminal figure, terminal statue

A decorative figure in which a head, or a head and bust, or the human figure to the waist and including the arms, is incorporated with (as if it were springing out of) a pillar which serves as its pedestal.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

TERM

(networking)
A program by Michael O'Reilly <michael@iinet.com.au> for people running Unix who have Internet access via a dial-up connection, and who don't have access to SLIP, or PPP, or simply prefer a more lightweight protocol. TERM does end-to-end error-correction, compression and mulplexing across serial links. This means you can upload and download files as the same time you're reading your news, and can run X clients on the other side of your modem link, all without needing SLIP or PPP.

Latest version: 1.15.

ftp://tartarus.uwa.edu.au/pub/oreillym/term/term115.tar.gz.

TERM

(business)
Technology Enabled Relationship Management.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
The utility of Coming to Terms, however, can be considered twofold.
The spokesman said: "No action has been taken against the producers involved in the project as their job was to observe a man coming to terms with his loss of memory.
And the David James who next May will be coming to terms with a future as an innkeeper.
"But I think as a teamwe are coming to terms with batting an extra hour and using our 55 overs.
Edited by Leo Panitch & Colin Leys, Coming to Terms with Nature: Socialist Register 2007 is an anthology of essays by learned authors discussing the dramatic ecological challenges to capitalism today, and whether socialist thought has progressed sufficiently to address capitalism's weakness in this regard.
Lies That Bind uses the format of a novel to lay out and illustrate the issues of a young gay boy coming to terms with his same-gender sexual orientation who can no longer play the "I'm-not-gay" game with his family that has resulted in severe depression.
His summer will involve not only helping his uncle, but getting to know his aunt, coming to terms with her death, and maybe even accepting his uncle hasn't quite left his past behind in this moving story of discovery.
Emily begins to unravel the family secrets of her present time with clues from the past, while in real time, Emily is coming to terms with her parents' divorce and learning to navigate her relationship with her controlling mom.
Devastated anglers are coming to terms with the loss of fishing gear in a suspected arson attack on their club.
In the latter, we also have a bisexual who is having problems coming to terms with his gay side.
As a way of coming to terms with the inevitable growth of self-consciousness in the deployment of gesture, Caro's diversion into quasi-architectural concerns in the late '80s and early '90s, because of the structural discipline it necessitated, was probably a wise move, sparing him the direst consequences of strained eloquence.
Not only was his body damaged, he was also ending a relationship with a woman and coming to terms with his sexuality.