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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) In ancient Rome the right assumed by Julius Caesar and subsequently by Augustus and his successors to recommend to the Senate their own candidates for the remaining republican offices.

(2) In Western Europe in the early medieval period, an agreement sealing the act of giving oneself over to the protection of another, “stronger” person, who became patron of the former (the commended). The institution of commendation, which established relations of personal dependency of the commended with respect to the patron, formalized various underlying relationships. One type of commendation was the act of a vassal acknowledging his subordination to the power of the seignior, which was followed by an oath of fidelity and the granting of a benefice or fief to the vassal. A commendation of this type formalized the relationship of vassalage within the ruling class then taking shape.

A second form of commendation was that of impoverished free individuals to a large landowner. In this arrangement, a “weak” person gave himself over to the protection of a “stronger,” richer person and accepted not only personal dependence but frequently also material dependence: in many cases, the commended person was entrusted with land belonging to the patron. Such commendation was the legal formalization of a peasant’s dependence on a feudal landowner.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to using the combined solution for day-to-day activities such as visually verifying the identity of a person who is requesting access to a restricted area, Commend Advanced Security Communication Terminals can also be configured to send alarm events to the Wisenet WAVE video management software when, for example, an emergency call is made or a sensor is triggered.
By taking over Commend, TKH will be able to enhance its sub-segment vision and security and support the profitability of the business segment building solutions, the company said.
* ANOTHER DOCUMENT commended was a covenant of the Ecumenical Task Force on Health Care that was incorporated in part into the Romanow, Report on health care in Canada.
Accepting the award, Fife commended the BPCA and noted that airports also need to "go green." He thanked his roots in the Port Authority and looked forward to many more PWC aviation seminars.
Betrayed, convicted on the flimsiest of evidence, abandoned by his friends, and left absolutely alone--under such circumstances, how did he dare to say, "Into your hands I commend my spirit"?
Highly Commended: 'Go Green' initiative by Petrochemical Industries Company of Kuwait
Jennifer was also highly commended in the Specialist Writer/Impact Journalist of the Year and Scoop of the Year categories for the same investigation.
The authority has also been commended for its submissions in three further categories - Transforming Lives, Property and Asset Management, and Innovation in Children's Services.
Indian heavyweight Tata Group-backed Voltas Oman was named Contractor of the Year at CW Oman Awards 2019, with S&T Interiors & Contracting emerging as the Highly Commended entry in the category.
Local winners included: Proud of Our People, Best Team - winner: The Link Hotel; Commended: Century Theatre, Best Western Yew Lodge Hotel.
Specsavers was also highly commended in the outstanding team category.