dormouse

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dormouse,

name for Old World nocturnal rodentsrodent,
member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents.
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 of the family Gliridae. There are many dormouse species, classified in several genera. Many resemble small squirrels. Dormice sleep deeply during the day, and European species hibernate for nearly six months of the year; their name is derived from the French dormir, "to sleep." Best known is the common dormouse, or hazelmouse, Muscardinus avellanarius, of Europe and W Asia, which resembles a mouse with a bushy tail. It is up to 4 in. (10 cm) long excluding the 2-in. (5-cm) tail, with rounded ears, large eyes, and thick, soft, reddish brown fur. Social animals, hazelmice build neighboring nests of leaves and grasses in bushes and thickets. They feed on insects, berries, seeds, and nuts, and are especially partial to hazelnuts. The European, or fat, dormouse, Glis glis, is the largest of the family reaching a length of 8 in. (20 cm) excluding the tail; it has a very thick coat of grayish fur and becomes extremely fat in autumn. It is found in forested regions of Europe and W Asia and lives in hollow trees. The ancient Romans raised it in captivity for food. There are many dormouse species in Africa. The spiny dormice of S Asia belong to a different rodent family, the Platacanthomyidae; they have spines mixed with their fur. The desert dormouse (Selevinia betpakolalensis) is placed in its own family, Seleviniidae. True dormice are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Gliridae.

dormouse

[′dȯr‚mau̇s]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name applied to members of the family Gliridae; they are Old World arboreal rodents intermediate between squirrels and rats.

dormouse

snoozes all through the mad tea-party. [Br. Lit.: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland]
See: Sleep

dormouse

any small Old World rodent of the family Gliridae, esp the Eurasian Muscardinus avellanarius, resembling a mouse with a furry tail
References in periodicals archive ?
2009: Isolation and characterization of 10 microsatellite loci in the common dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius.
2011b: Patterns of genetic divergence among populations of the common dormouse, Muscardinus avellanarius in the UK.
Our study aims to estimate population density of the common dormouse using capture-recapture data obtained by live-trapping, thus avoiding any possible influence on natural population density.
Common dormouse population size and density were investigated using a grid of 49 wooden live-traps (18 x 7.5 x 9 cm), baited with slices of apple, various seeds and jam.
The capture rate was 21.76 captures/100 trap-nights for the common dormouse, 2 captures/100 trap-nights for the forest dormouse and 1.3 captures/100 trap-nights for Apodemus species.
The non-spatial estimated size of the common dormouse population (N-hat) was 39 individuals (SE = 5.8, 95 % CI).
The common dormouse has a wide geographical range across Europe, inhabiting areas of deciduous woodland, especially where scrubby understory is present (Bright et al.
Here, we will focus on a local conservation monitoring project for the common dormouse in North Wales, U.K., which has been conducted by members of the Northwest Dormouse Monitoring Project.
Also because the common dormouse is relatively long-lived, and because we cannot exclude the possibility of immigration and emigration in our population, we assume that the population is open to unobserved movement of individuals to and from the monitored population.
These points are particularly relevant for species that occur at naturally low density, like the common dormouse (Bright & Morris 1990, Bright et al.
2012: Testing the use of two types of nest box by the common dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius.