common-sense knowledge

common-sense knowledge

the knowledge that guides and enables ordinary conduct in everyday life. According to SCHUTZ, common-sense knowledge consists of a huge bundle of understandings acquired through SOCIALIZATION, which resemble recipes for carrying out ordinary actions, such as responding to a greeting or using a telephone. ETHNOMETHODOLOGY studies PRACTICAL REASONING 2 , which is how this knowledge is used in SOCIAL ACTION. See also MUTUAL KNOWLEDGE.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
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"It's because it relies so much on real-world knowledge -- background knowledge and common-sense knowledge. A computer doesn't have these real-world experiences to draw on.
Our own understanding of the situations we encounter is grounded in broad, intuitive "common-sense knowledge" about how the world works, and about the goals, motivations and likely behavior of other living creatures, particularly other humans.
For one thing, says Sam Gershman, an assistant professor in Harvard's Department for Brain Science, humans generally learn by understanding the components that make up an image, which may require some real-world or common-sense knowledge.
People tend not to explicitly link in their minds common-sense knowledge to perceptual reality because such knowledge is very basic.
There are not many systems dedicated to collect and manage common-sense knowledge. In fact, the most famous ones are OpenMind (http://commons.media.mit.edu/en/), Cyc or OpenCyc (http://www.opencyc.org/), and Scone (http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~sef/scone/).
There is a branch of artificial intelligence called knowledge representation and reasoning, which deals with the ability to present and reason with common-sense knowledge. Within this specialty, qualitative spatio-temporal representation and reasoning deals with common-sense intelligence about space and how to move around in it.
It begins in early childhood with simple common-sense knowledge expressed in congruent grammar and simple expression of attitudes or evaluations.
Cyc created a seed database of common-sense knowledge using paid experts.
Certainly, the phenomenological tradition in institutionalism is not primarily concerned with scientific but with common-sense knowledge of the everyday world.
(5) In her book Reading Across Borders, Shari Stone-Mediatore contrasts narratives written from dominant perspectives that are endorsed by powerful institutions and hence come to be accepted as "common-sense" knowledge with stories of marginalized experience that tend to conflict with this "common-sense knowledge. (6) She underscores the relationship between narrative and political thinking and emphasizes how narratives invoke experience and social practices and thereby contribute to critical thinking and liberatory politics.
And in her decades of service to the communities of the district, she's brushed up against state government often enough to have a detailed, common-sense knowledge of how it operates.
Daily observations and experience, combined with readily available weather forecasts, both short- and long-term, have given us a common-sense knowledge of how the atmosphere works and an ability to make informed judgments on how best to proceed in the face of present conditions.