communicative competence


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communicative competence

the means, including the rules, by which persons sustain communicative exchanges and interactions with others within a community. The term was coined by Hymes (1966) to focus attention on the skills and knowledge involved in human communication. It reflects the limitations in LINGUISTICS of concentration mainly on syntactic competence (compare CHOMSKY). Hymes indicates in the formulation of his S.P.E.A.K.I.N.G. acronym some of the elements of social situations which would have to be included: setting and scene, participants’ ends, act sequence, ‘key’, instrumentalities, norms and genres. To imagine dealing with these in an integrated set of rules might seem to indicate an impossible ambition, and many critics would question whether a ‘rule’ formulation is appropriate. However, Hymes’ conception points to a vital area of interest, and attempts to model ‘communicative competence’ will continue to command attention. Without resort to either ‘psychologism’ or 'S ociologism’, HABERMAS, for example, suggests communicative competence implies an ‘ideal speech situation’ from which discursive conceptions of truth and justice may be derived.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hypothesis 2: The greater the students' self-perceived communicative competence the greater their willingness to communicate.
Majority of research on the effectiveness of clickers in the classroom only compared the use of clickers to the lecture method; this study was undertaken to compare L2 learners' communicative competence development based on the use of clickers, communicative approach and lecture method.
Patricia Dowden and Albert Cook effectively used case examples of "Genna" and "Victor" with moderate to severe disabilities throughout the chapter to assist readers' understanding of ways to build on current communicative competence and to enhance communicative independence.
One would believe that Pakistani students of Intermediate level are being equipped with Communicative Competence in English as Second Language (BSL) to be ready to use the target language and skill for communication in academic and social contexts at the target levels.
Communicative competence is knowing how to speak the specific language(s) used in the speech community and to use language appropriately in any given social situation in the community.
The focus is on communicative competence rather than on linguistics or grammatical competence.
Toward a theory of communicative competence. Inquiry, 13, 369-375.
ERIC Descriptors: Foreign Countries; Test Construction; English (Second Language); Communicative Competence (Languages); Comprehension; Pronunciation; Oral English; Official Languages; Language Role; Language Tests
I had a personal encounter with communicative competence breaking down right in my own college.
"Teaching intercultural communicative competence through the four skills".
ICT can build up English language and acquisition of communicative competence in secondary school students.

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