communitarianism

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communitarianism

a viewpoint on welfare issues that stresses common interests and common values arising from communal bonds. As such, communitarianism is opposed to purely individualistic conceptions of welfare. Communitarian conceptions have enjoyed resurgence recently as a reaction against the political ascendancy of conceptions of welfare based on crude market values. Communitarianism, however, is also sometimes associated with a romanticized cultural conservatism or with otherwise controversial ideas. For example, in his influential account of communitarianism, The Spirit of Community (1993), A. Etzioni suggests that the manufacture of new rights should be banned on the grounds that an ‘inflation of rights’ devalues more grounded moral claims.
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It also explores a lesser known Jewish underworld, and the way the very existence of Jewish mafias in the early twentieth century affected communitarian life.
After this analysis, in the next couple of sections we delve deeper into the liberal and communitarian depictions of the self.
It is significant for the conclusions reached in this paper that diverse strands in social, political and moral thought, arising from very different locations on the political spectrum--such as Marxism (Ross, 2003) and traditional 'one-nation' conservatism (Scruton, 2001)--can be identified within communitarian thought.
At the Heritage Foundation in April, Lee delivered a communitarian manifesto of sorts entitled "What Conservatives Are For.
Countering expectations that cosmopolitanism is merely a perspective of elite benevolence, and communitarianism a form of subaltern resistance, Rao shows that Third World protest movements make use of both perspectives--women's rights movements, for example, are partly communitarian in their efforts to develop new communities against existing groups.
Thus, communitarian Christian anarchists reject force both at the societal level (warfare) and at the individual level (right of self-defense or prosecution in courts of laws).
Although we were initially guided by the expectation of more of a communitarian spirit, we came to realize that consumer behaviour scholars had failed to appreciate and understand the competitive, individualistic, and status-seeking aspects of such activities," the authors wrote.
Erskine's project, however, is to explore, sympathetically but critically, what can be achieved by taking a communitarian starting point and trying to accommodate some cosmopolitan ambitions.
This may be due in part to the fact that the targets of this movement have been primarily the economic market and the bureaucratic state, with the realm of education receiving only scant attention from major communitarian theorists.
This is a new deductive model that ends with a detailed analysis based on both the utilitarian and communitarian ethical perspectives, which clearly asks "the greatest good for the greatest number" or "to balance a personal ethics with an appeal to community values.
The author, a well-known leftist scholar, noted in particular for his development of communitarian concepts, is a professor of international relations at The George Washington University.

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