community power

community power

the distribution. The works of Floyd Hunter Community Power Structure (1963) and Robert Dahl Who Governs? (1961) are important examples of studies designed to test propositions about local political power. Controversy raged between the exponents of‘reputational’ studies of power (asking respondents who they believed held power), and those based on a direct analysis of actual ‘decisions’ made within local communities. The different approaches have led to markedly different conclusions about community power. While the ‘reputational’ method tended to discover ‘élites’, the ‘decisional’ approach has more often led to the conclusion that no élite of community power-holders exists. This suggests that the method of research employed has played a major part in determining the outcome of the research. Another possibility is that the choice of method of study is also related to the political predispositions of the researchers.

A further difficulty in studies of community power is the issue of how to include nondecisions, i.e. situations in which a mobilization of bias exists (Bachrach and Baratz, 1962), so that key issues never reach the political agenda. For example, in a steel town like Gary, Indiana, studied by Crenson (1971), potential issues such as pollution simply did not arise as actual issues. See also S. Lukes (1974).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Andrews Labor Government has announced $1 million to establish a series of community power hubs in regional Victoria and investigate the renewable energy potential of Bendigos historic mineshafts.
On Leap Day, February 29, 2016, CUPW revealed a new vision summed up in the phrase Delivering Community Power.
The Northern Powergrid Community Seed Fund winners were Earth Doctors, in Wylam; Workers Education Association North East Green Branch; North Tyneside Friends of the Earth; Northern Community Power (North Tyneside); Greening Wingrove, in Newcastle's West End; Muggleswick Parish Council; and the International Community Organisation of Sunderland.
The Northern Powergrid Community Seed Fund winners were Earth Doctors, in Wylam, Workers Education Association North East Green Branch, North Tyneside Friends of the Earth, Northern Community Power (North Tyneside), Greening Wingrove, in Newcastle's East End, Muggleswick Parish Council and the International Community Organisation of Sunderland.
Chairman Peter Rolton met the Minister and MP to discuss work currently underway, including a project with Honda on a biomass energy centre being developed for their Swindon site, as well as a proposed waste-to-energy plant and community power and heating network for the Northamptonshire Enterprise Partnership.
Changes in financial legislation mean venture capital trusts can no longer invest in projects designed to take advantage of feed-in tariffs, so Albion Ventures has formed a plc called Albion Community Power.
It has identified opportunities for social, economic and environmental impact and helped to stimulate the development of scalable, life-enhancing mobile services through programmes such as Community Power from Mobile, Green Power for Mobile, Mobile Money for the Unbanked (MMU)
Since the inception of the Community Power from Mobile Programme in November 2010, jointly launched by the GSMA and Lighting Africa, research and analysis has highlighted both the opportunities and challenges in delivering access to energy through mobile.
The collaboration is aimed at testing used lithium-ion electric-vehicle batteries, such as those in the Nissan Leaf battery-electric vehicle, for possible energy storage uses for utility companies and community power sources.
Afrigen Community Power will bring power to 100 African communities using a combination of batteries and fuel cells, solar and wind power.
The think-tank broadly supports more community power but fears it is being used as a smokescreen to slash public sector jobs.
Offering insights into community power structures and their relationship to educational systems, it will interest students, scholars, academics, and researchers in sociology, political science, and race relations.

Full browser ?