community work

community work

a distinct movement aimed at stimulating local schemes for development, particularly of education, which started in colonial societies in the aftermath of World War II. It was originally known as community development and defined as ‘a movement designed to create better living for the whole community, with the active participation and on the initiative of the local community’ (HMSO Community Development, A Handbook, 1958). Used as a strategy by the British in Africa and by North Americans in South East Asia, its aims were contradictory in attempting both to maintain social control and facilitate independence. In the UK in the 1950s, community work was seen as an appropriate response, within the context of a WELFARE STATE, to combat growing social tensions in British towns and cities. Some authors suggest that community work has a philosophical aim in attempting to recreate some form of GEMEINSCHAFT within fragmented urban settlements. Although the political values which led to its development may be considered pluralist or consensual, in the 1960s a more radical style developed with the COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS whose practices were informed by a structuralist critique (see STRUCTURALISM) of capitalist society More recently, community work has been criticized for its reliance on the work of women whilst ignoring the nature and work of women within the community. See also COMMUNITY ACTION, COMMUNITARIANISM.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
He was sentenced to 130 hours' unpaid community work, probation and made to pay pounds 85 costs.
Residents may be wary of having offenders working in their communities and some may feel community work is a soft option.
The staff and management of Kigali Bus Services (KBS) have joined residents of the Gashora sector, Bugesera district in the monthly community work and donated a cheque worth Rwf 300,000 to sector officials for a subscription of Mutuelle de Sante for 100 residents.
Gerard Devanney was handed an unpaid community work order at Hamilton Sheriff Court this week.
A talented group of SDG from Hyderabad got selected to showcase their community work in shape of documentary in this global forum.
Sue Lines said: "Being able to study for the BA in Youth and Community work part-time has enabled me to continue in my full-time role at work while learning new skills to help me do a better job.
She was jailed for 18 months, suspended for two years and ordered to do 250 hours unpaid community work.
THE BA (Hons) Youth and Community Work at Wrexham Glyndwr University has seen an increase in applicants for the 2017/18 academic year, while institutions across the border have suffered a decline and even closed their courses.
The aim of Social Work and Community Development is to offer readers an understanding and analysis of the relevance and importance of community work ideas and approaches in social work practice.
"By signing this MOU, it will strengthen relationships, collaboration and coordination between ATDD and institutions specialised in the field of community work for achieving a mutual goal which is to promote our national identity and enhance volunteer work.

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