Compact Car

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Compact Car


(in Russian, malolitrazhnyi avtomobil) the conventional designation for passenger cars with an engine displacement of 0.85-1.5 liters and a weight of 700-1,000 kg. Compact cars are designed for personal and official use (medical and postal service).

Modern compact cars usually have forward, longitudinal placement of the engine, with rear-wheel drive, although there are also arrangements with forward transverse or rear engine placement (in which the engine is combined with the transmission and rear-axle drive), with front-wheel or rear-wheel drive, respectively. Compact cars are usually equipped with four-cylinder, four-cycle water-cooled gasoline engines (rear-mounted engines are often air-cooled) with a power of 44-59 kilowatts (kW), or 60-80 hp. The frame-supported body seats four to five; maximum speed is 140-150 km/hr; acceleration from 0 to 100 km/hr (manual transmission) on a straight, level road with an improved surface (with the driver and one passenger) is about 20 sec. Average fuel consumption is 7-9 liters per 100 km.

In the USSR, compact cars are produced by the Lenin Komsomol Moscow Automotive Plant and the Izhevsk Machine-building Plant (Moskvich-412) and by the Volga and Zaporozh’e automotive plants (the Zhiguli VAZ-2101 [foreign trade name,. Lada] and Zaporozhets ZAZ-968). Abroad, compact cars are manufactured in great numbers in Japan and in the European countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
To make it easier for consumers to determine which of the vehicles in the compact segment is the most capable, Matt Castrucci Honda has added a brand-new comparison to their website which takes an in-depth look at the 2014 Honda Civic vs 2014 Toyota Corolla, two of the best-selling compact cars currently available.
Honda's Life compact car clinched eighth place with sales coming to 40,768 units, down 20.
2) At Vista Point off Highway 14, California Highway Patrol officers examine the wreckage of a big rig and a compact car struck by a pickup.
We will continue to aim at further reinforcing sales in the domestic compact car market,'' said Toyota President Katsuaki Watanabe at a news conference.
Also injured was a man whose compact car was at a stop sign when one of the pickup trucks slammed into it after the first collision.
It didn't take long for Osseo Automotive to realize that the 2014 Focus was cut from a different cloth in the compact car segment.
The Corolla was followed by Toyota's Vitz compact car and Nissan's Serena minivan, the Japan Automobile Dealers Association said.
The compact car was so badly mangled that firefighters had to cut off the roof to reach its occupants, who were badly injured.
In the $20,000 Compact Car Challenge, the Kia Forte outclassed established competitors like the Honda Civic, Nissan Sentra, and Toyota Corolla, among others.
The automaker is likely to decide on its partner for the compact car by mid-2010.
The Corolla was followed by the Vitz compact car, also of Toyota, and Nissan Motor Co.
Scion tC brings more horsepower to compact car segment