compensatory education


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compensatory education

a system of education designed to compensate pupils for the disadvantages they experience as a consequence of deficiencies in their social backgrounds and environments. Research undertaken by sociologists, mainly in the 1950s and early 1960s, suggested that children of lower-class parents, with disadvantaged cultural or ethnic backgrounds, regularly failed to achieve either academically or socially in school. Programmes of compensatory education were introduced in the US (Operation Headstart) and in the UK (Educational Priority Areas) during the 1960s and 70s. It is generally held that the approach has been unsuccessful, with poor levels of achievement by the socially disadvantaged continuing. The main reason for this is likely to be that piecemeal educational reforms of this sort, undertaken without any other kind of significant structural change, cannot compensate for the deficiencies of society, especially when schools themselves are part of society's value structures, and when pupils remain in the social setting which caused the initial problem. Also see ACCESS.
References in periodicals archive ?
per-pupil adjusted spending on compensatory education awards rising 81%
Instead, compensatory education has had an adverse effect on cultural equality for African Americans by imposing traditional educational norms of schooling in America (Pai & Adler, 2001).
Enriching the Compensatory Education Curriculum for Disadvantaged Students.
Department of Education audit questioned the schools' authority to keep the money and directed the state to repay a minimum of $1.1 million in aid under the Title I compensatory education program and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
ON 10 December 2003, the parties officially entered into a settlement that provided the parents with their requested relief in terms of compensatory education and reimbursed services for the 17-day gap, letters from the defendants stating that the termination was not J.N.'s fault, redaction of the letters containing personally identifiable information concerning J.N., and attorneys' fees.
Weaver said one piece of the plan aims to correct the flaws in the new ESEA (also known as the No Child Left Behind Act), the compensatory education program that has been turned into a bludgeon against educators.
The Title One Reading program began in 1965 when Congress passed the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), a compensatory education program designed to provide extra help to students having difficulty in reading and/or math.
Weinstein urges teachers and schools of education to pay more attention to research that shows that compensatory education (alternative methods of learning) can have a significant difference in a student's life.
Title I, which allocates money for compensatory education to school districts based on their child poverty, is seen as the single most important federal education program.
(b) This problem didn't exist until compensatory education for girls began, with the concomitant feminising of the curriculum.