competence

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competence

1. Law the state of being legally competent or qualified
2. Embryol the ability of embryonic tissues to react to external conditions in a way that influences subsequent development

competence

(especially ETHNOMETHODOLOGY, and by analogy with linguistic competence -see COMPETENCE AND PERFORMANCE) the fundamental capacities (TACIT KNOWLEDGE, etc.) displayed by social actors as 'S killed’ participants (‘members’) in social contexts. See also SACKS.

Competence

 

(1) In immunology, the capacity of the human body or that of any warm-blooded animal for specific immune response (mainly antibody formation), which may be achieved by the collaboration of cells of several categories—principally the immunocompetent (antigen-sensitive and antigen-reactive) lymphoid cells. These cells “recognize” antigen, since even before encountering it they bear a special receptor or synthesize small amounts of immunoglobulins.

In rats and mice, before immunization, approximately one in 5,000 lymphoid cells of the spleen and blood binds a particular antigen—that is, the cell is immunocompetent for that antigen. After stimulation by antigen, immunocompetent cells are transformed into either the precursors of plasma cells, which secrete various immunoglobulins, or sensitized lymphocytes, which are the bearers of structural antibodies. Clones of immunocompetent cells, or X cells, apparently originate from the polypotential stem cells, or S cells (the precursors of all hemopoietic and lymphoid cells), probably under the influence of the hormone of the thymus. In the X cells, the genes that control synthesis of the heavy and light chains of immunoglobulins are probably successively activated and repressed upon encountering antigen. The descendants of X cells are capable of synthesizing antibodies according to an already selected program.

REFERENCE

Fridenshtein, A. Ia., and I. L. Chertkov. Kletochnye osnovy immuni-teta. Moscow, 1969.
A. N. MATS
(2) In embryology, the ability of the cells of animal or plant embryos to react to external influence by the formation of appropriate structures or by differentiation. Competence arises during particular stages of the organism’s development and lasts only a limited time. In the absence of the appropriate influences, the unrealized competence is lost and replaced by a new competence that leads to the formation of organs that will develop later.

T. A. DETLAF


Competence

 

the aggregate of powers (rights and obligations) of some body or official person, as established by the law, the bylaws of the particular body, or other statutes. The competence of judicial bodies is ordinarily determined by law. In the USSR the competence of judicial bodies is determined by the Constitution of the USSR, the constitutions of the Union and autonomous republics, the Statute on the Supreme Court of the USSR of 1957, the Statute on Military Tribunals of 1958, USSR and republic legislation on judicial organization, and criminal procedure and civil procedure legislation.

competence

[′käm·pəd·əns]
(embryology)
The ability of a reacting system to respond to the inductive stimulus during early developmental stages.
(geology)
The ability of the wind to transport solid particles either by rolling, suspension, or saltation (intermittent rolling and suspension); usually expressed in terms of the weight of a single particle.
(hydrology)
The ability of a stream, flowing at a given velocity, to move the largest particles.
(mining engineering)
A property of rock strata which possess sufficient strength to span a mine opening without failure.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Connection Between Competencies and Job Tasks: Job Items
Competencies are the measureable skills, knowledge and attitude.
Because competencies are not course-based, they can be disaggregated.
An employee may not need training if some existing competencies are already strong.
Competencies are defined as a collection of observable dimensions (individual skills, knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and collective processes and capabilities) which are necessary for individual, organizational, and program success (Athey & Orth, 1999).
The kit also includes a model for incorporating competencies into trustee orientation and a mentoring process and a checklist to create opportunities for competency development through peer-to-peer interaction.
THE RESEARCH OF APPROACH OF COMPANIES IN SLOVAKIA TO THE MANAGERIAL COMPETENCIES
This chapter also focuses on assessing general as well as technical competencies.
Design job-talent assessment tools that identify gaps in competencies and implement work processes that assess applicants early in the hiring process to reveal "best fit" candidates.
Creating training programs and/or experiential assignments designed to develop these necessary competencies
The Council on Linkages for Public Health Practice released the first complete draft of the Public Health Core Competencies in 2001--the culmination of a ten year effort by numerous organizations and individuals (Council on Linkages, 2005).
CMA Canada understands this and wants to make sure its members and their employers, present and future, appreciate how CMAs expand their strategic management accounting competencies throughout their careers.

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