RNA

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RNA:

see nucleic acidnucleic acid,
any of a group of organic substances found in the chromosomes of living cells and viruses that play a central role in the storage and replication of hereditary information and in the expression of this information through protein synthesis.
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RNA

(biochemistry)

RNA

Biochem ribonucleic acid; any of a group of nucleic acids, present in all living cells, that play an essential role in the synthesis of proteins. On hydrolysis they yield the pentose sugar ribose, the purine bases adenine and guanine, the pyrimidine bases cytosine and uracil, and phosphoric acid
References in periodicals archive ?
When a gene is expressed, the genetic information from one strand of DNA is first copied into a complementary RNA molecule known as messenger RNA (mRNA).
To monitor the hybridization and reading processes, we also included 7 probes complementary to 7 biotinylated DNA sequences [positive hybridization controls added to complementary RNA (CRNA) before hybridization] selected
Additionally, the placement of dyes on each domain of the circular-shaped oligonucleotides makes them fluorescent probes, referred to as Cyclicon probes, which allow detection of complementary RNA or DNA.
When DNA in a cell nucleus becomes active, it either replicates (during periods of growth or reproduction) or serves as a template for making complementary RNA molecules (during normal cell metabolism).

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