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2. a casing housing one or more freely rotating pulleys
3. Pathol
a. interference in the normal physiological functioning of an organ or part
b. See heart block
c. See nerve block
4. Psychol a short interruption of perceptual or thought processes
5. Computing a group of words treated as a unit of data on a tape, disk, etc
6. Athletics short for starting block
7. Cricket a mark made near the popping crease by a batsman to indicate his position in relation to the wicket
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


A large piece of stone, taken from the quarry to the mill for sawing and further working.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in engineering:

(1) A unit of a mechanism in the form of a wheel with a groove around its circumference over which a cable or chain is drawn. It is used to change the direction of a tractive force and to obtain a force or velocity advantage; more rarely, to transfer a torque. Depending on their function, blocks are known as guide, balance, runner, and driving (for imparting rotary motion to a shaft) pulleys. In order to achieve a large force or velocity advantage, a lifting mechanism made up of a combination of blocks (a block and tackle) is used.

(2) A subassembly of a machine, consisting of several identical parts, such as a block of cylinders in an internal combustion engine or the spindle block in a multiple-spindle machine.

(3) A stone (concrete or ceramic) of large size (appreciably larger than a brick) used in the construction of buildings and for road surfacing.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(computer science)
A group of information units (such as records, words, characters, or digits) that are transported or considered as a single unit by virtue of their being stored in successive storage locations; for example, a group of logical records constituting a physical record.
The section of a computer memory or storage device that stores such a group of information units. Also known as storage block.
To combine two or more information units into a single unit.
A contiguous group of text characters that is marked for moving, copying, saving, deletion, or some other word-processing operation.
(design engineering)
A metal or wood case enclosing one or more pulleys; has a hook with which it can be attached to an object.
(mining engineering)
A division of a mine, usually bounded by workings but sometimes by survey lines or other arbitrary limits.
In quarrying, a large portion of rock that is removed from the quarry as a solid mass for further processing at a mill.
(petroleum engineering)
The subdivision of a sea area for the licensing of oil and gas exploration and production rights.
In experimental design, a homogeneous aggregation of items under observation, such as a group of contiguous plots of land or all animals in a litter.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


block, 6
1. A masonry unit; a concrete block.
2. (Brit.) A walling unit which exceeds in length, width, or height the dimensions specified for a brick.
3. A solid piece of wood or other material.
4. A plank or timber which serves as bridging between joists or the like.
5. In quarrying, the large piece of stone, generally squared, that is taken from the quarry to the mill for sawing, slabbing, and further working.
6. A mechanical
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. <unit> A unit of data or memory, often, but not exclusively, on a magnetic disk or magnetic tape.

Compare record, sector.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (


(1) A group of bytes that is transmitted or processed as a single unit. See block storage.

(2) A group of text characters marked for moving, copying or saving.

(3) A group of blockchain transactions. Blockchains store all transactions in blocks that are linked to each other. See blockchain.

(4) A rectangular group of pixels that is processed as a unit.

(5) A group of program statements that is treated as a unit based on the results of a comparison.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnostic and management difficulties of complete atrioventricular block in children in marrakech: A report of three cases with a review of the literature.
Surgical treatment for patients with complete atrioventricular block after device closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects.
Ventricular function and long-term pacing in children with congenital complete atrioventricular block. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2007; 18: 373-7.
Twelve cases (63.2%) showed conduction blocks, including right bundle branch block (RBBB) in three cases, complete atrioventricular block (AVB) in three cases, complete AVB with RBBB in three cases, left anterior fascicular block (LAFB) in one case, RBBB with LAFB in one case, and Mobitz type II 2[sup]nd degree AVB with RBBB in one case.
Bradyarrhythmias, including complete atrioventricular block (CAVB), may predispose to acquired long-QT syndrome (L(ITS) and torsade de pointes (TdP) (1).
Bradycardia- induced abnormal QT prolongation in patients with complete atrioventricular block with torsades de pointes.
Enhanced susceptibility for acquired torsade de pointes in the dog with chronic, complete atrioventricular block is related to cardiac hypertrophy and electrical remodeling.
Emergent coronary bypass graft surgery was planned, however, her ECG revealed complete atrioventricular block and ST elevation in the inferior leads.

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