examination

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examination

1. Education
a. written exercises, oral questions, or practical tasks, set to test a candidate's knowledge and skill
b. (as modifier): an examination paper
2. Med
a. physical inspection of a patient or parts of his body, in order to verify health or diagnose disease
b. laboratory study of secretory or excretory products, tissue samples, etc., esp in order to diagnose disease
3. Law the formal interrogation of a person on oath, esp of an accused or a witness
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Examination

 

(Russian, ekzamen), in the USSR, a comprehensive survey of the knowledge of a student or of a person graduating from or entering an educational institution. Unlike tests (zachety), examinations—both oral and written—are always graded.

After the October Revolution of 1917 the system of examinations that existed in Russia was abolished. The following examinations were made compulsory in the 1930’s: annual promotion examinations in general-education schools, beginning in fourth grade; admission, or entrance, examinations for higher and specialized secondary educational institutions; and semester final and state graduation examinations in higher and specialized secondary educational institutions.

In 1944 graduation examinations were instituted for students of incomplete secondary and secondary schools. According to the Statute on the Secondary General-Education School of 1970, the procedure for administering examinations in secondary general-education schools is determined by the ministries of education (or public education) of the Union republics. Compulsory graduation examinations are given in the eighth and 10th (or 11th) grades. Students who pass them receive a certificate of completion of an eight-year school or a certificate of secondary education. Promotion examinations may be instituted for the fourth through seventh grades and the ninth (or 10th) grade by the ministry of education (or public education) of a Union republic. There may be no more than three such examinations per grade. The certificate of completion of an eight-year school and the certificate of secondary education may also be received through the system of extramural education.

In higher and specialized secondary educational institutions, the time and procedure for administering competitive entrance examinations, semester finals, and state graduation examinations are determined by the Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialized Education of the USSR according to the type of school. Students who have passed all tests are permitted to take the semester final examinations, and students who have passed all the semester finals may take the graduation examinations.

At many institutions of higher learning and at many technicums, defense of a diploma project or diploma thesis replaces state examinations in special disciplines. Vocational-technical schools and vocational courses give qualifying examinations for certain ratings, or ranks, in various lines of work. In addition to qualifying examinations, secondary vocational-technical schools also give graduation examinations in general-education subjects.

REFERENCE

Narodnoe obrazovanie v SSSR: Obshcheobrazovatel’naia shkola: Sb.dokumentov 1917–1973. Moscow, 1974. Pages 161–64, 170–72, 228–35,420–36.

F. I. PUZYREV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about an examination?

Dreaming about taking a test could indicate that the dreamer has a fear of failure. Alternatively, such a dream could indicate that a specific issue of great importance to the dreamer reminds them of being in school. “Passing the test” can also be a metaphor for successfully concluding any number of different activities.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study demonstrates the potential for complete examination of fallopian tubes and ovaries to identify STIC and early invasive serous carcinoma.
(He would like to make very clear that they properly belong together.) The occasion of the book was the complete examination and restoration of the chair which recently took place to celebrate the anniversary of the coronation of Elizabeth II.
Now a complete examination of the hand-written factory ledgers that recorded production and disposition of guns yields very complete and reliable data on most of the more than 500,000 L.S.
"He is booked in at Newmarket for next Wednesday where he will have a complete examination and I am just hoping that there is no damage," he said.
The Patent Office states that it is a goal to complete examination of an application within 12 months.
When I went to the clinic, the doctor congratulated me after a complete examination. She told me I was pregnant with another pair of twins.
Complete examination revealed intraoral mild swelling with an empty nonbleeding socket.
Relevant investigations which included blood complete examination, urine complete examination, urea and creatinine levels, liver function tests, LDH levels, tissue biopsy, ultrasonography and CT scans were also recorded.
She offers the most complete examination of pen keepers available in the literature and this book, particularly its analysis of ranking, skilfully recreates the internal dynamics of a mature plantation society.
AAS well as a complete examination of your mouth and remaining teeth, you will be expected to supply details of your medical history.
The State Agency for Architecture and Construction was instructed to complete examination of all affected buildings and to report the size of damage and rehabilitation measures within a week.
However, in further accusations, in which the optometrist was said to have advised the patient's mother her daughter was 'squinting out of habit and there was no problem with her eyes, and that she should attend a return appointment in 12 months' time in circumstances where he had not undertaken a complete examination, the committee found this matter proven.

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