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in criminal law, the intentional joint participation of two or more persons in the commission of a crime.

A crime involving complicity presents a greater social danger, since it may do especially appreciable harm to the interests of the state and to the rights and legal interests of citizens and since it makes it easier for the accomplices to conceal the traces of their crime. For complicity to be present, the accomplices in the crime must act in common and have had a common intent. Complicity may involve a prior agreement or no prior agreement.

Soviet criminal law distinguishes between two kinds of complicity, depending on the relationship between the accomplices and on each one’s role in the commission of the crime. In simple complicity, all participants in the crime perform the same intentional activity—for example, all take part personally in a murder. In complex complicity, the different accomplices—perpetrator, organizer, instigator, and accessory—perform different functions. In both simple and complex complicity, punishment is assigned to each according to the degree and character of participation in the commission of the crime.

Criminal law also provides for special forms of complicity, such as organized groups and criminal societies—for example, a gang or an anti-Soviet organization. The commission of a crime by an organized group is deemed an aggravating circumstance. For the members of criminal societies, criminal liability results not only from the criminal act itself but also from the very fact of joining such a society (seeBANDITRY).

References in periodicals archive ?
The complicity of AT&T is depressing and deeply disturbing.
He said, " For a prime minister, who singlehandedly runs the foreign ministry with the external affairs minister playing a second fiddle, Narendra Modi's complicity in providing favours to a legally established offender and absconder -- Lalit Modi -- is nothing but open to negative interpretation.
As we show, complicity claims can provide an avenue to extend,
BEIRUT: Monday is slated to be a pivotal day at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, where Judge David Re will hear evidence suggesting Syria's complicity in the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in 2005.
The ongoing Israeli massacres in Gaza have been ghastly reminders of the complicity of Israeli academic institutions in the occupation and oppression of Palestinians.
Charges against Gaddafi's sons and aides include murder, kidnapping, complicity in incitement to rape, plunder, sabotage, embezzlement of public funds and acts harmful to national unity.
7 ( ANI ): Dismayed over British Foreign Secretary William Hague's disclosure that the UK had advised India on the planning and execution of Operation Blue Star, Sikhs For Justice (SFJ), an international human rights group, has said it will file a complaint in the European Court of Human Rights against the UK for aiding, abetting and complicity in 1984 army invasion of the Golden Temple.
BAMAKO (CyHAN)- General Amadou Haya Sanogo, ex- junta leader who overthrew Mali's former president Amadou Toumani Toure in March 2012, was on Wednesday arrested by the national police for complicity in abductions, an official source has said.
Thomas's seamless translations from the Italian poets Giacomo Leopardi, Umberto Saba, Giuseppe Ungaretti, Eugenio Montale and Primo Levi then move seamlessly from his own direct verse which constitutes the first part of Some Complicity.
They are accused of complicity in the seizure of a hostage, complicity in organizing the death threats, violence against a representative of authorities, hooliganism and resistance to authority according to the Criminal Code of Kyrgyzstan.
NNA - An Egyptian court on Saturday resumed the trial of toppled dictator Hosni Mubarak, who is accused of complicity in the deaths of protesters during the 2011 uprising against his rule, AFP reported.
Section one focuses on violence, aesthetics, and complicity and discusses the avoidance of evil, reading as violence, and the complicity of women.